10. Standards/Physiology: Organisms have a variety of mechanisms to combat disease. As a basis for under-standing the human immune response: d. Students know there are important differences between bacteria and viruses with respect to their requirements for growth and replication, the body's primary defenses against bacterial and viral infections, and effective treatments of these infections. 1. Vaccines- used against viruses before they enter the body. 2. Antibiotics- used against bacteria with onset of infection.
lethal- refers to anything dangerous enough to cause death
nonlethal- not likely to kill or cause great bodily injury
contagion- Disease transmission by direct or indirect contact microbes- a microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease antibiotics- agent that destroys bacteria: a naturally produced substance that kills or inactivates bacteria, but has no effect against viruses. vaccine- a preparation containing weakened or dead microbes of the kind that cause a disease, administered to stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies against that disease, before contact. sputum- throw-up, vomit, oral discharge
adrenaline- A hormone secreted by the medulla of the adrenal gland, especially in times of stress or injury. Chapter 1:
Something In The Forest
1. Who is Charles Monet?
2. What happens to Monet?
3. (pages 4-6) The author uses a sensory image of hot and cold in describing the case. Why?
4. The author makes a distinction between lethal and nonlethal contagion. What is the difference?
5. Why were workers burning the fields? What impact does this have on the migration of microbes and the natural biodiversity of an area?
6. Why is salt so “precious” in the rainforest?
7. (Page 13) List three possible sources of infection from the cave. 1.
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