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CPR ALTERNATE ASSESSMENT

Can you save a life? In an emergency, when every second is critical, would you know what to do?

According to recent statistics sudden cardiac arrest is rapidly becoming the leading cause of death in America. Once the heart ceases to function, a healthy human brain may survive without oxygen for up to 4 minutes without suffering any permanent damage. Unfortunately, a typical EMS response may take 6, 8 or even 10 minutes.

Performing CPR dramatically increases the survival chance while a person awaits the arrival of EMS. CPR helps keep blood flow to the brain and heart and can be the crucial action that keeps a person alive. The skills needed to perform CPR can be learned by everyone.

PART ONE: PRE-TEST ( 8 points )
Open a new web browser window and visit http://www.yalemedicalgroup.org/stw/Page.asp?PageID=STW022267 to complete the online self check to test your knowledge. In the center column below place the letter choice you selected. In the column on the right, mark the question you answered correct with a “C” and the answers that were incorrect with an “I”. For incorrect answers, also include the letter of the correct answer.

Question|Answer|“C” or “I”|
1. |C|I|
2. |D,B,C|C|
3. |C|I|
4. |C|C|
5. |B|C|
6. |C|C|
7. |E|C|
8. |D|C|

PART TWO: Visit the Mayo Clinic’s website to learn the importance of and the steps in performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Copy the following web address into a new web browser window: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061 . Answer the following questions.

11. What is the best method to learn CPR? ( 2 points )

12. Identify the CAB’s of CPR, AND describe the meaning of each letter below in a complete sentence. ( 9 points )
C – Circulation: This is the act of restoring blood circulation with chest compressions.
A – Airway: Clearing the airway after checking their breathing.
B – Breathing: Helping the other person breathe, the part most seen on television shows.

13. Identify 4 differences in administering CPR to a child (ages 1-8 years) rather than for an adult. ( 8 points )
1. Use one hand for chest compressions

2. Breathe more gently

3. Use an AED after 5 cycles if there is still no response

4. If you’re alone, use 5 cycles of breathing and compressions

14. The most common cause of cardiac arrest in infants is due to the lack of oxygen. What are the two most common causes of lack of oxygen in infants? ( 4 points )
1. drowning
2. choking

15. How do the rescue efforts differ when rescuing a baby if you are the only rescuer or if there is an additional rescuer? ( 4 points )

A. Have the other person call for help while you attend to the baby B. Perform CPR for 5 cycles

16. How does breathing for a baby differ from that of an adult or child? ( 3 points )

PART THREE: Video instruction.
View the following videos by opening a new browser window and visiting the website www.learncpr.org[->0]. After viewing each video, describe/summarize the steps one should follow when performing CPR on Adults, Infants and Children. Use complete sentences and include each step in the process.

Adult Summary ( 5 points )

Skipped (updated site)

Infant Summary ( 5 points )

Skipped (updated site)

Children Summary ( 5 points )

Skipped (updated site)

PART FOUR

Choking Prevention
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-overview A person who has a completely obstructed airway will not be able to talk, cough or breathe. To help prevent choking, there are a few safety measures we can employ. 1)List at least five ways to prevent choking. ( 5 points )

1. Don't drink too much alcohol before eating. It may dull your senses, and you might not chew food properly or might try to swallow too large a portion of food 2. Take small bites. Cut meat into...
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