This essay intends to explore Hitler’s promise of a better future to the German people, and how important it was to the growth in Nazi support up to 1933. This essay will discuss how accurate the view that this promise was what caused the support for the Nazis to grow. There are many things which affected the growth in Nazi popularity and this is what will be discussed in this essay. In 1928 there was a low support for the Nazi party, they only held 12 seats in the Reichstag, but by 1930 the Nazi party had 108 seats. At this time Germany had just been humiliated at Versailles and it was facing extreme Economic ruin in 1923. Germany Suffered invasion and occupation 1923 from France. Germany was going through political violence and revolution which made the German people Unsure of their new political system. Over all Germans ripe for promises of better future, and Hitler and the Nazi party saw this opportunity and grasped it! AJP Taylor once observed “Only the Great Depression put wind in Hitler's sails”
Maybe the great depression did allow Hitler to gain popularity, millions of German’s were unemployed, and Hitler promised jobs for all. This would be appealing to any person who was unemployed. Most importantly Hitler said to the people that he would gain back the land lost in the Treaty of Versailles, and he would regain Germany’s pride. Hitler told the people what they wanted to hear, that Germany should still be a great power and that it was the ‘November Criminals’ who lost the war for Germany. Hitler made many vague promises whilst he was gaining popularity from the masses. The economic crisis of 1923 was for many Germans “the scar that never healed.” The economic crisis from 1929-32 allowed the Nazis to gain support as they said they had the answers to Germany’s problems and promised a prosperous future. He made different promises to different groups, these promises were never detailed or accurate, because he could not afford them to contradict, and people to think he was lying. To the workers he promised jobs and a fairer share of national wealth. This represented the socialist side of National Socialism which was largely forgotten when Hitler came to power. To the German farmers – who were faced with bankruptcy and the loss of their land) he promised to get the bank Jews off their backs and also to pay them fair prices for their produce. The Nazis did well in rural parts of north Germany in the 1932 elections thanks to promises like these. To the army Hitler promised to overturn Versailles and begin rearmament. To businessmen he promised to destroy communism and to curb trade union power. This won Hitler the support of people like Alfred Hugenburg and the financial help of a group of right-wing politicians and wealthy men known as the Harzburg front. This allowed great financial support to be given to the party which helped increase support for the Nazis. Hugenburg, who was an ex-director of the Krupp steel company, owned several newspapers and a chain of cinemas. He was able to guarantee Hitler very favourable news exposures. His influence did not end here he was also the leader of the DNVP, the conservative nationalists. To the middle classes, who had suffered from the inflation of 1923 and the great depression he offered a scapegoat in the bank Jews whose destruction, he claimed, would restore prosperity to Germany’s Mittelstand – the middle class. Many small shopkeepers had been losing business to new department stores. These he castigated as Jewish monopolies, guilty of unfair trading. The difficulties experienced by Jewish small-scale traders were conveniently ignored. Many of the people who considered themselves as middle-class voted Nazi. They saw themselves as the Mittelstand, and as the healthy core of society. They saw themselves upholding true German values against communism and anarchy emanating from the workers and decadence and moral corruption from the very rich and the aristocracy. They were...
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