History of the Relationship of Church and State from 17th-19th Century

Topics: United States Constitution, United States Declaration of Independence, Christianity Pages: 4 (591 words) Published: March 5, 2015
4- MAT BOOK REVIEW:

A PAPER SUBMITTED TO
DR.
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REQUIREMENTS FOR
CHPL 600

BY
CRYSTAL M. BACA
STUDENT ID # L25222334

LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA
SEPTEMBER 2013

Hutson, James H. Church and State in America: The First Two Centuries. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

ABSTRACT
Church and State in America: The First Two Centuries, by James H. Hutson explores the history of the relationship of church and state from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. Hutson explains the connection of the events in Europe and its effects on church and state in America, for example the revolution in Europe eventually had its impact on America resulting in a revolution of their own. Although America had established their own government they had a difficult time breaking away from the previous ways of the English. The govenrment managed to include Christianity in their propaganda, promoting the spread of Christianity in many of their actions. The establishment of the Federal Constitution was a document that would guide Hutson goes back as far as the Roman Empire to explain the influence of church and state. He explains the doctrine of exclusive salvation, and how the Romans enforced Christianity upon the entire empire. This idea was supported for centuries by powerful leaders such as Queen Elizabeth, Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli. Although they supported the idea for different reason, Queen Elizabeth thought the idea of pluralism brought about chaos with social and political instability enforcing the Act of Uniformity in 1662.1 The revolution of 1688 happened when the Catholic king James II was overthrown by the Protestant prince William of Orange. When the news that James had been overthrown in England reached Boston they prepared for their own revolution. These outbreaks caused a change in church and state policy that was huge, leading to the Toleration Act that would endure in to the nineteenth century.2...
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