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History of Ilocos Sur

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Geography
Province of Ilocos Sur

Ilocos Sur (Filipino:Timog Ilokos) is a province of the Philippines located along the western coast of Northern Luzon. Ilocos Sur is bounded by Ilocos Norte in the North, Abra in the Northeast, Mt. Province in the East, Benguet in the Southeast, La Union in the South and Luzon Sea and Lingayen Gulf in the West. The province falls within latitudes 16° 40’ to 17° 54’ north and longitudes 120° 20’ to 120° 56’ east. Vigan City, the provincial capital is approximately 408 kilometers by road from Manila, 128 kilometers north of San Fernando City, and 80 kilometers south of Laoag City.

Ilocos Sur is the heartland of the Ilocos region. It has an area of 2,579.6 square kilometers occupying about 20.1 percent of the total land area of the Ilocos Region. It is bounded on the north by Ilocos Norte and Abra, and on the south by La Union. Benguet and Mountain Province rise on the east while the blue depths of the South China Sea lie to the west. Vigan, its capital, evokes memoirs of wonderful past. Its capital town is one of Philippines’ premier historic destination and is known worldwide for its collection of restored houses and artifacts. It is a living testament to our splendid history.

City/MunicipalityNo. of
BarangaysIncome ClassPopulation
(Aug. 1, 2007)Area
(hectares)
Alilem
94th6,21711,933
Banayoyo
144th7,1492,463
Bantay
343rd33,1747,660
Burgos
264th11,4594,438
Cabugao
331st33,8479,556
Caoayan
174th18,9141,742
Cervantes
134th14,11623,470
Galimuyod
244th10,3103,440
Gregorio del Pilar (Concepcion)
75th4,3084,166
Lidlidda
115th3,7983,384
Magsingal
303rd27,6158,498
Nagbukel
125th4,7644,312
Narvacan
342nd41,57812,221
Quirino (Angkaki)
94th7,86624,010
Salcedo (Baugen)
214th10,70410,344
San Emilio
84th6,92014,144
San Esteban
105th7,7791,962
San Ildefonso
155th6,6701,135
San Juan (Lapog)
323rd23,8086,437
San Vicente
75th11,907...