History of Ilocos Sur

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Geography
Province of Ilocos Sur

Ilocos Sur (Filipino:Timog Ilokos) is a province of the Philippines located along the western coast of Northern Luzon. Ilocos Sur is bounded by Ilocos Norte in the North, Abra in the Northeast, Mt. Province in the East, Benguet in the Southeast, La Union in the South and Luzon Sea and Lingayen Gulf in the West. The province falls within latitudes 16° 40’ to 17° 54’ north and longitudes 120° 20’ to 120° 56’ east. Vigan City, the provincial capital is approximately 408 kilometers by road from Manila, 128 kilometers north of San Fernando City, and 80 kilometers south of Laoag City.

Ilocos Sur is the heartland of the Ilocos region. It has an area of 2,579.6 square kilometers occupying about 20.1 percent of the total land area of the Ilocos Region. It is bounded on the north by Ilocos Norte and Abra, and on the south by La Union. Benguet and Mountain Province rise on the east while the blue depths of the South China Sea lie to the west. Vigan, its capital, evokes memoirs of wonderful past. Its capital town is one of Philippines’ premier historic destination and is known worldwide for its collection of restored houses and artifacts. It is a living testament to our splendid history.

City/MunicipalityNo. of
BarangaysIncome ClassPopulation
(Aug. 1, 2007)Area
(hectares)
Alilem
94th6,21711,933
Banayoyo
144th7,1492,463
Bantay
343rd33,1747,660
Burgos
264th11,4594,438
Cabugao
331st33,8479,556
Caoayan
174th18,9141,742
Cervantes
134th14,11623,470
Galimuyod
244th10,3103,440
Gregorio del Pilar (Concepcion)
75th4,3084,166
Lidlidda
115th3,7983,384
Magsingal
303rd27,6158,498
Nagbukel
125th4,7644,312
Narvacan
342nd41,57812,221
Quirino (Angkaki)
94th7,86624,010
Salcedo (Baugen)
214th10,70410,344
San Emilio
84th6,92014,144
San Esteban
105th7,7791,962
San Ildefonso
155th6,6701,135
San Juan (Lapog)
323rd23,8086,437
San Vicente
75th11,9071,260
Santa
264th14,05910,910
Santa Catalina
95th13,284968
Santa Cruz
491st35,9068,878
Santa Lucia
363rd23,8724,972
Santa Maria
333rd28,0026,331
Santiago
244th16,8064,636
Santo Domingo
363rd25,8885,549
Sigay
75th2,4538,155
Sinait
443rd24,8966,556
Sugpon
65th3,9365,711
Suyo
84th10,94312,400
Tagudin
432nd35,79115,119
Candon City
424th56,27010,328
Vigan City
394th47,2462,512

The province of Ilocos Sur is where the Ilocos Region’s myriad of cultures and histories converge to become a living museum of a spirited past. A national shrine, a national landmark, a national museum, heritage museums, ancestral houses, period houses, cobble-stoned streets – they all share space in the timeless land of Ilocos Sur. Found in the province is the historic city of Vigan, which was inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in November 1999. Established in the 16th century, Vigan is the best preserved example of a planned Spanish colonial town in Asia. Its architecture reflects the coming together of cultural elements from elsewhere in the Philippines and from China with those from Europe to create a unique culture and townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia. Its Kamestizoan District is replete with ancestral houses with ancient tiled roofs, massive hardwood floorings, ballustrades and azoteas in varying Spanish-Mexican-Chinese architectural styles. Centuries-old Sta. Maria Church, declared a National Landmark, was used as a fortress during the Philippine Revolution of 1896. Tirad Pass, declared a National Shrine, had been the last stand of the Filipino Revolutionary Forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo of that same period. Bessang Pass served as the backdoor to General Yamashita’s last ditch defense during the last stage of World War II.

Ilocos Sur Islands Philippines
Historical Sites of Ilocos Sur

Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur Historical Sites
Declared as a National Shrine, it is located in...
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