History Internal Assessment

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 40
  • Published : February 27, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
History Internal Assessment

Rajesh Swaminathan

Candidate Code : 001188 – cbh977

Word Count : 1948
October 17, 2004

To what extent did Indian military aid to Britain help defeat the Japanese in the Burma Campaign?

Contents
1 Plan of investigation

1

2 Summary of evidence

2

2.1

The Situation in North-Eastern India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

2.2

The British Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

2.3

The Indian Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

2.4

The Japanese Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

2.5

The Burma Campaign (1941-1945) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

3 Evaluation of sources

4

4 Analysis

5

5 Conclusion

7

To what extent did Indian military aid to Britain help defeat the Japanese in the Burma Campaign?

1

Plan of investigation

This investigation will assess the significance of India’s contribution to the Burma Campaign. The investigation will connect India’s military support with Japanese defeat, and will study the effects of Indian participation in the 1942 Burma Campaign. In short, the investigation will try and answer the question as to how vital Indian aid was to Burma during the 2nd World War. The investigation will assess only India’s military aid and not other forms of financial, industrial or raw-material contribution. This investigation will also not discuss other factors (such as British leadership, or flawed Japanese planning) that may have contributed to the downfall of Japan after the Burmese Campaign.

Most of the evidence is in the form of oral history and summary of events. Evidence is also provided in the form of primary documents which show India’s military stationing of troops during the campaign and documents that explain an increase in military expenditure and production. Reasons will be formulated as to why the Indian Army decided to support the British, and what provided them with the motivation. A variety of book and Internet sources, different and contradictory in opinions and points of view will be used, and their resourcefulness will be evaluated with reference to origin, purpose, value and limitation, thus providing corroborating evidence to reasonably assess the extent and validity of the question.

1

2
2.1

Summary of evidence
The Situation in North-Eastern India

It was to pose a massive strategic threat to the British empire if the Japanese gained control in the Burmese region. The British forces had already undergone a crushing defeat in South-East Asia; they had realized well-in-advance that the Japanese Army was approaching Burma with full momentum. The British couldn’t therefore afford to lose another battle in Burma. The British, without the slightest hesitation, saw the importance of using the resources of their colonies to fight the war. As a result, a large portion of the Indian National Army (INA) was deployed to fight the Japanese in Burma in the famous Burma Campaign. The British thus pledged Indian independence for support in the war against the approaching Japanese.

2.2

The British Forces

Command over Burma had been primarily exercised through the British War Office. Command in the Indian region had been weak throughout. The British military had faced unexpected defeat in the South-Eastern region of Asia. Most of the British forces were relocated to Australia to prevent further expansion of the Japanese empire. Very small British forces were therefore available in the Indo-Burma region. The British generals realized the difficulty and complexity involved in pulling back their armies back from Australia for deployment in Burma. There was thus a void that resulted in Burma, making the area highly susceptible to Japanese invasion.

2.3

The Indian Outlook

For the Indians,...
tracking img