Historical Research

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CHAPTER 4
HISTORICAL RESEARCH

HISTORY-is the search for knowledge and the truth, a searching to find out.
-is any integrated narrative or description of past events or facts written in a spirit of critical inquiry for the whole truth.

HISTORICAL RESEARCH/HISTORICAL METHOD OF RESEARCH
-is a process of selecting the area or topic to write a history about, collecting data about events that occurred on it, collating the data, sifting the authentic from non-authentic, and then making an interpretative narrative about or critical inquiry into the whole truth of the events.

4 MAJOR ACTIVITIES IN HISTORICAL RESEARCH:

1. CHOOSING AND DEFINING THE PROBLEM

Things to consider in Choosing Historical Research Problem:
* Resources Consideration
* Data Availability
* Time Constraint
* Professional Competence

2. COLLECTION OF HISTORICAL DATA

A. WRITTEN SOURCES
a.1 Official and Public Documents
* Legislative Acts (Constitutions, Laws, Resolutions, etc.) * Records of Proceedings and Orders
* Records of Court trials, Deliberations, and Decisions.
* Registration of Population, Births, and Deaths.
* Contracts, Treaties, Executive agreement, and other Foreign relations Exchanges
* School Records
a.2 Books and Master’s Theses and doctoral dissertations
a.3 Newspapers and Periodicals
a.4 Personal Materials
* Autobiographies
* Memoirs
* Reminiscences
* Biographies
* Diaries
* Letters
* Genealogies
* Notes
a.5 Hand Written Materials
* Papyri
* Bricks bearing Cuneiform writing
* Vellum or Parchment Manuscript
* Modern Documents

B. ORALLY TRANSMITTED MATERIALS
* Folklores
* Legends
* Ballads
* Myths
* Sagas
* Epics
* Tales
* Anecdotes
* Traditions

C. ARTISTIC PRODUCTION
* Historical Paintings
* Portraits
* Scenic
* Chiseled Stones
* Coin types
* Stamped Coins
* Figures in Ancient coins
* Woven tapestries
* Vases
* Sculptures

D. TAPE RECORDINGS
* Radio
* Television
* Documentaries
* Movies
* Films
* Pictorials
* Slides
* Microfilm
* Transparencies

E. RELICS AND REMAINS

e.1 Physical
* Historic Sites
* Roads
* Pyramids
* Buildings
* Furniture
* Pottery
* Tools
* Weapons
* Human remains
* Clothing
* Monuments
* Fossils

e.2 Non-physical
* Language
* Literature
* Manners
* Customs
* Ceremonies

3. CRITICALLY ANALYZING THE DATA
-is to determine the authenticity or genuineness of the data in historical research, and to determine truth of statements therein.

A. EXTERNAL CRITISM
-is used to determine the authenticity or genuineness of a historical document.

a.1 Use of auxiliary sciences
* Epigraphy- is study of inscriptions and the art of deciphering them. * Diplomatics- is the science of charters and diplomas includes a knowledge of the practices of chanceries and of the forms used in them. * Paleography- is study of writing.

* Philology- determining the date and authenticity.
* Archeology, Anthropology, and Prehistory- is science of remains. * Chemistry- branch of science that deals with chemicals.

a.2 Purposes of External Criticism
a.2.1 Forgeries and Hoaxes
* A forger removes the name of the originator of an important document. * The forger deletes the name of the person who accomplished the feat and places his name or some other’s name. * A forger copies an important document.

* A person with a certain motive writes a document which he attributes to the important person by signing the name of the latter in the document.

a.2.2 Authorship, time, and filiation of documents- the problem of determining
authorship and time of a document usually occurs with persons who
employ...
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