HISTORY-is the search for knowledge and the truth, a searching to find out.
-is any integrated narrative or description of past events or facts written in a spirit of critical inquiry for the whole truth.
HISTORICAL RESEARCH/HISTORICAL METHOD OF RESEARCH
-is a process of selecting the area or topic to write a history about, collecting data about events that occurred on it, collating the data, sifting the authentic from non-authentic, and then making an interpretative narrative about or critical inquiry into the whole truth of the events.
4 MAJOR ACTIVITIES IN HISTORICAL RESEARCH:
1. CHOOSING AND DEFINING THE PROBLEM
Things to consider in Choosing Historical Research Problem:
* Resources Consideration
* Data Availability
* Time Constraint
* Professional Competence
2. COLLECTION OF HISTORICAL DATA
A. WRITTEN SOURCES
a.1 Official and Public Documents
* Legislative Acts (Constitutions, Laws, Resolutions, etc.) * Records of Proceedings and Orders
* Records of Court trials, Deliberations, and Decisions.
* Registration of Population, Births, and Deaths.
* Contracts, Treaties, Executive agreement, and other Foreign relations Exchanges
* School Records
a.2 Books and Master’s Theses and doctoral dissertations
a.3 Newspapers and Periodicals
a.4 Personal Materials
a.5 Hand Written Materials
Bricks bearing Cuneiform writing
Vellum or Parchment Manuscript
B. ORALLY TRANSMITTED MATERIALS
C. ARTISTIC PRODUCTION
* Historical Paintings
* Chiseled Stones
* Coin types
* Stamped Coins
* Figures in Ancient coins
* Woven tapestries
D. TAPE RECORDINGS
E. RELICS AND REMAINS
* Historic Sites
* Human remains
CRITICALLY ANALYZING THE DATA
-is to determine the authenticity or genuineness of the data in historical research, and to determine truth of statements therein.
-is used to determine the authenticity or genuineness of a historical document.
a.1 Use of auxiliary sciences
Epigraphy- is study of inscriptions and the art of deciphering them. *
Diplomatics- is the science of charters and diplomas includes a knowledge of the practices of chanceries and of the forms used in them. *
Paleography- is study of writing.
Philology- determining the date and authenticity.
Archeology, Anthropology, and Prehistory- is science of remains. *
Chemistry- branch of science that deals with chemicals.
a.2 Purposes of External Criticism
a.2.1 Forgeries and Hoaxes
A forger removes the name of the originator of an important document. *
The forger deletes the name of the person who accomplished the feat and places his name or some other’s name. *
A forger copies an important document.
A person with a certain motive writes a document which he attributes to the important person by signing the name of the latter in the document.
a.2.2 Authorship, time, and filiation of documents- the problem of determining
authorship and time of a document usually occurs with persons who
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