February 24, 2013
Historical Report on Race: African American History
African American history can be considered one of the most inspiring histories of all time. It is a history of slavery, discrimination, and racism; but it is also a history of immeasurable faith, hope, and courage. The Jim Crow laws
Throughout American history, the black community suffered and endured two and a half centuries of slavery that did not allow them to exercise their civil rights as the white community was able to do so. Between the years 1876 and 1965, the legislation enacted the infamous Jim Crow laws, which were state and local laws that existed primarily in the South and originated from the Black Codes that were enforced from 1865 to 1866 as well as from prewar segregation on railroad cars in northern cities. These laws ordered and favored mandatory segregation in all public facilities, meaning, a separate but equal status for the African Americans. However, this led to discrimination primarily on behalf of White Americans and in turn, to a number of economic, social and educational disadvantages (Archives Library Information Center). A famous example of a Jim Crow law was the bus segregation law passed in Alabama which mandated that blacks and whites should have separate waiting rooms, ticket windows and separate seats. On December 1st, 1955, however, Rosa Parks refused the order given to her by the bus driver to give up her seat to a white passenger. Although she was arrested, her act of defiance became an important symbol of the Civil Right Movement. Aside from the Jewish community, statistically, African Americans are the ethnic or racial group whom has suffered the most cruelty on behalf of discrimination around the world (Archives Library Information Center).
The Civil Rights Act & African American Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Act of...