Hispanic Heros

Topics: Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata, Venustiano Carranza Pages: 6 (2000 words) Published: May 11, 2013
Everybody loves to learn about the Mexican revolution. People like to learn about how they fought for and won their independence. I always hear about some persons named that played a role in the revolution, but I never really hear of many. Nobody talks a lot about the guys who helped win on the sidelines. The people that gave everything they had to help Mexico win its independence. They are not really famous, but you never know, without their help Mexico might have lost. They’re Mexican Revolutionaries that made me want to learn about Mexican American History. People like Emiliano Zapata, Dolores Jimenez y Muro, Gildardo Magana, and Pancho Villa. Although most things they did were unlawful it was still in the name of their country. They did it to fight for their country and protect it. Their courageousness and determination are amazing, and it’s one of the reasons why Mexico won its independence. One Mexican Revolutionary was Emiliano Zapata. He was born on August 8th, 1879, to a father who was of mixed ancestry “who trained and sold horses” (Emiliano 1994 par.2). His father died when Zapata was seventeen years old. He then had to assume the role of father to his younger siblings. His first time being arrested was in 1897, when he was caught protesting against the owner of the main house on a plantation where he lived. He was forced to join the army after “he continued agitation among the peasants” (par. 2). After six months he was mustered out of the army to train a landowner’s horse. He was considered a person that could protect his people and was appointed “president of the board of defense for his village” (par. 2). After constantly trying to level with the landowners and not succeeding, they took things into their own hands: Zapata and a group of peasants occupied by force took the land that had been appropriated by the haciendas and distributed it among themselves. (par. 2) This action was the start of his revolutionary acts.

When a man named Francisco Madero stated that Mexico needed to overtake the “dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz”, (Emiliano 2008 par. 3) Emiliano Zapata formed a group of men and went to fight for the rebellion. He soon captured the Cuautla in Morelos and his reputation as a great leader grew immensely. Zapata’s one concern was to giving land to the peasants and Madero did not want this. Madero wanted Emiliano to “disarm his band of guerrilla fighters. Zapata refused and retreated” (par. 3), to his home in the mountains. In November 1911, he wrote his famous Plan de Ayala.

In this document, Zapata wanted the landowners to give back the land they stole from the peasants, and also to give some of their lands to peasants who did not own any. With the announcement of this, he grew very popular throughout Mexico. When Zapata and his 25,000 men started getting to rowdy, General Carranza arranged a meeting. This meeting was supposed to be a meeting to talk about his cause. It “turned out to be an ambush and Zapata was assassinated by government troops in Chinameca on April 10th, 1919” (par. 5).

Emiliano has been an inspiration for many peasants and revolutionary leaders. His “ideas formed the early days of the revolution” (par. 6) and influenced a lot of people.
A second Mexican Revolutionary was Dolores Jimenez y Muro. She was born on June 7th, 1848 in Aguascalientes. Dolores was employed as a schoolteacher and loved her job. Muro was a “”political radical (a socialist by conviction), a poet by avocation, a contributor to leftwing journals, and a fervent admirer of Emiliano Zapata”” (Jandura par. 1). She had a major part of the revolution and created the ideas for a “Plan” (par. 1), which molded the “Complot de Tacybaya” (par. 1).After the leaders of different revolutionary groups came to her for help, she shaped “The Political and Social Plan” (par. 1). This document was published on March 18th, 1911 and carried many reforms for the government to comply with:

These included the need for better...
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