Hispanic Groups Living in the United States
Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans and Dominicans living in the United States The Hispanic population grew in every region of the United States between 2000 and 2010, and most significantly in the South and Midwest. About three-quarters of the Hispanic population living in the United States are reported as Mexican, Puerto Rican or Cuban origin in the 2010 Census. Mexican Americans are the largest Hispanic group living in the United States, representing 63 percent of the U.S. Hispanic population. Puerto Ricans, the second largest group, comprises 9 percent of the Hispanic population in 2010. Cubans, the third largest group, comprise of 4 percent of the Hispanic population in 2010. Since 2000 Dominicans have surpassed a population of 1 million (1.4million) living in the U.S. More than half of the Hispanic population in the U.S. resides in just three states: California, Texas and Florida (United States Census Bureau, 2011).
Despite high levels of Mexican immigration and strong pride in their heritage, the primary language of Mexican Americans is English, and with each new generation born in the United States the use of Spanish becomes less frequent in many families. The highest numbers of Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans in search of work in the United States were attracted by mining, agriculture, transportation, and ranching. The majority of Mexican Americans identify themselves as Democratic according to the Latino National Political Survey (1992). As members of the Democratic Party, they have played a significant role in several elections. In 1960 John F. Kennedy won an estimated 85 percent of the Mexican American vote, which allowed him to win the states of New Mexico and Texas. Approximately 75 percent of the Mexican American population is of Catholic faith. Various rituals and festivals of Mexican Catholic origin continue to represent an...