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  • Topic: Sand casting, Iron, Casting
  • Pages : 230 (80272 words )
  • Download(s) : 96
  • Published : March 12, 2013
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Section

13

Manufacturing Processes
BY

CHUCK FENNELL Program Manager, Dalton Foundries RAJIV SHIVPURI Professor of Industrial, Welding, and Systems Engineering,

Ohio State University
OMER W. BLODGETT Senior Design Consultant, Lincoln Electric Co. DUANE K. MILLER Manager, Engineering Services, Lincoln Electric Co. SEROPE KALPAKJIAN Professor Emeritus of Mechanical and Materials Engineering,

Illinois Institute of Technology Professor of Mechanical Engineering, The City College of The City University of New York RICHARD W. PERKINS Professor Emeritus of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Manufacturing Engineering, Syracuse University CHARLES OSBORN Business Manager, Precision Cleaning Division, PTI Industries, Inc. ALI M. SADEGH

13.1 FOUNDRY PRACTICE AND EQUIPMENT by Chuck Fennell Basic Steps in Making Sand Castings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3 Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3 Molding Processes and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-4 Molding Equipment and Mechanization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6 Molding Sand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6 Casting Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-7 Melting and Heat Treating Furnaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-8 Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-8 Casting Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-9 13.2 PLASTIC WORKING OF METALS by Rajiv Shivpuri Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-9 Plasticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-10 Material Response in Metal Forming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-11 Plastic Working Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-11 Rolling Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-13 Shearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-16 Bending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-18 Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-18 Bulk Forming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-23 Equipment for Working Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-26 13.3 WELDING AND CUTTING by Omer W. Blodgett and Duane K. Miller Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-29 Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-29 Gas Welding and Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-33 Resistance Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-34 Other Welding Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-35 Thermal Cutting Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-35 Design of Welded Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-37

Base Metals for Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-47 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-49 13.4 MACHINING PROCESSES AND MACHINE TOOLS by...
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