aus dem Fach Englisch
The Hippie Movement
Verfasser: Florian Kunkel firstname.lastname@example.org
2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5.
Introduction The Times, They Are A-Changing – The Fifties and early Sixties Increasing affluence Rising dangers Growing radicalisation New culture He was a friend of mine - the early Sixties
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If you’re going to San Francisco… The Hippie Movement
3.1. Hippie philosophy
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3.1.1. New culture of living 3.1.2. My hair like Jesus wore it – hip style of clothing
3.1.3. And it’s one, two, three, what are we fighting for? 10 – Vietnam War and protest marches 12 3.1.4. Purple Haze all in my brain – Drugs 3.1.5. So you want to be a rock’n’roll star – hip music 3.1.6. This is the dawning of the Age of Aquarius – Influence of astrology and eastern religions 13 14
From the Summer of Love to Woodstock
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4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4.
Three Days Of Peace And Music – the Woodstock festival
Preparation Friday Saturday Sunday
The Needle And The Damage Done – the end of the Movement The spirit still goes on…. With a little help from my friends Sources
Many associations and images pop up in one’s head when he hears the word “Hippie”: Strangely clothed young people with long hair and unshaved beards, with flowers attached to their tie-dyed shirts, always smiling and having glassy eyes due to smoking marijuana, driving around in colourfully painted VWs and listening to singers like Bob Dylan or Joan Baez singing about war and peace and a world where all people can live together without fighting against each other. Although this image may be true partially, it is a stereotype. The Hippie Movement was far more complex, more than just sitting together in front of a military installation, singing “Where have all the flowers gone” and smoking “grass”. It did not appear from nowhere, there were several reasons why such a uprising of young people had to take place – and several reasons why it had to fail in the end. This text will look at all those aspects: Chapter two deals with the question what caused the creation of such a movement. In chapter three, the Movement itself is analyzed: What was its philosophy, beside peace for everybody? Chapter four describes the Woodstock festival in a lot of details – it is a perfect example for the “craziness” of the Hippie Movement, a completely chaotic event where every cliché was fulfilled, but which in the end became a myth itself. Finally, chapter five deals with the Hippie movement fading out and its political branch, the “New Left”, destructing itself.
2. The Times, They Are A-Changing The fifties and early sixties 2.1 Increasing affluence
To understand what caused the creation of what finally became the Hippie Movement, one has to take a look at the situation after the Second World War and in the 1950s. From an economical point of view, everything seemed perfect for the middle-class American: The victory in the war caused an enthusiastic spirit in the people’s minds, in combination with the late after-effects of Roosevelt’s “New Deal” policy, the private industry fully focussing on civil purposes and the possibility to enter trade with Europe again; economic growth rates were extremely high. With this stable economical background, low unemployment rates and growing personal assets, people could have a big family without the risk of not being able to feed the children. The birth rates in the years directly after the war were extremely high, the generation born in the years
between 1945 and about 1957-1960 is known as the “Baby Boomers”. What had been a dream in the years before now became reality: A nice white house in the suburbs, a refrigerator and a TV set inside, a huge car in the yard, the kids playing football with their father in the garden, the mother bringing them chilled Coca-Cola – the perfect idyll of an...