Heart Disease And Stroke Presentation

Topics: Stroke, Heart disease, Heart Pages: 17 (807 words) Published: July 18, 2015
HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020:
HEART DISEASE & STROKE
B Y: J E F F R E Y L O R E Z C O - S A N C H E Z , J E S S I C A R E A R D O N , DIANA YU, AND JEFF YU

REASONS OF PRESENTATION:
HEART DISEASE
• Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the
United States
• People of all ages and backgrounds can get the
condition.
• 1 in every 4 deaths.
• Leading cause of death for both men and women
(Heart Disease Fact, 2014)

REASONS FOR PRESENTATION:
STROKE
• Stroke is 1 out of every 19 deaths.
• One American dies from stroke every 4 minutes.
• Every year, more than 795,000 people in the United
States have a stroke.
• Stroke costs the United States an estimated $36.5 billion each year.
• Stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability. (Stroke Fact, 2014)

OBJECTIVES
• Cardiac and stroke disease risk: Hypertension through
various age groups
• Discuss:





physical activity
controlling cholesterol
healthy eating
smoking cessation

• Coronary heart disease among different population
• Community resources, association, and websites for heart disease and stroke education

CARDIAC DISEASE & STROKE RISK:
HYPERTENSION AMONG AGE GROUPS
• Together, heart disease and stroke are among the most
widespread and costly health problems facing the
Nation today
• 29.9 percent of adults aged 18 years and older had
high blood pressure/hypertension in 2005–08 (age
adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
• 3.5 percent of children and adolescents aged 8 to 17
years had high blood pressure/hypertension in 2005–08
(Heart disease and stroke, 2014)

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; GETTING ACTIVE AND
ENCOURAGING REGULAR EXERCISE
• Prevention:
• Two and half hours of exercise per week (Make the Effort, 2014)
• Making little changes in normal every day activities

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; GETTING ACTIVE AND
ENCOURAGING REGULAR EXERCISE
• Maintenance:
• Once cardiac disease is present, studies have shown that cardiac rehabilitation can increase quality of life in patients with diagnosed cardiac disease. (Herman et al., 2013)

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• CONTROLLING CHOLESTEROL
• Prevention:
• Knowing the risks of increased levels of LDL (Make the Effort, 2014)
• Yearly health screenings

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• CONTROLLING CHOLESTEROL
• Maintenance:
• In patients with diagnoses hyperlipidemia, or numerous risk factors for stroke or cardiac disease, lipid management with statins is preferred. (Webb, Gonna, & Ray, 2013)

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• EATING HEALTHY
• Prevention:
• Decrease highly processed foods (Make the Effort, 2014)
• Foods rich in fiber meats (Make the Effort, 2014)
• Diet low in fat (Webb et al., 2013)

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• EATING HEALTHY
• Maintenance:
• Assess nutritional needs (Sander, 2013)
• Risk of malnutrition (Sander, 2013)
• Combining healthy eating with exercise

PROMOTION OF CARDIAC HEALTH &
STROKE PREVENTION
• SMOKING CESSATION
• Deaths related to smoking
• Quitting smoking
(Make the Effort, 2014)

CORONARY HEART DISEASE DEATHS,
1999–2011

Source: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/heart-disease-and-stroke/national-snapshot?topicId=21

CORONARY HEART DISEASE AMONG
DIFFERENT POPULATIONS
• Decrease desired nationwide for all demographics
• Currently 1 in 3 Adults (81.1 Million) live with 1 or
more types of cardiovascular disease.1
• Interventions: Screening, Behavioral
Interventions (Diet and Exercise), and control of
cholesterol levels2
(Heart disease and stroke, 2014)

COMMUNITY RESOURCES
• Hoag Hospital: Cardiac and Neuro Receiving
Center• Heart and Vascular Classes 
• Neurosciences Classes
• http://www.hoag.org/Why-HOAG/NewsPublications/Pages/Winter-2014/CommunityEducation.aspx#heart...
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