Healthcare Information Systems

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Post Week 1 Health Care Information Systems Terms

HCS/483 Healthcare Information Systems - Week 1

Name:

Guidelines:
Please use this form to submit your assignment and NOT the one on the UOPX website.

Define the following terms. Your definitions must be in your own words; do not copy them from the textbook.

After you have defined each term in your own words, describe in at least 50 words the health care setting in which each term would be applied. Utilize a minimum of two research sources to support your claims—one from the University Library and the other from the textbook. Be sure to cite your sources in the References section consistent with APA guidelines. This assignment is due Week One.

1.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Definition
This was a federal law placed to protect patient information.

How Used in Healthcare
HIPAA is used to safeguard and protect patient information and without the use of HIPAA, private patient information could be exposed. HIPAA is critical because it could have an effect on health care workers, patients and the health care facility as well. Violation of HIPAA laws could cause a health care worker to lose their job, it could violate a patient’s rights, and it could damage the facility’s credibility.

2.Electronic medical record

Definition
An electronic medical record is a computerized medical record used to store patient information.

How Used in Healthcare
Electronic medical records are used to store patient information. Electronic medical records can contain information about the patient’s medical history, their demographics, their general health, their past and present medical conditions, treatments received, examination results, prescribed medications, doctor’s notes, and more. Electronic medical records are used because there are many advantages versus a paper method.

3.Electronic health record

Definition
Is an electronic record of health-related information.

How Used in Healthcare
Electronic health records are similar to are used to store patient information. Electronic health records can contain information about the patient’s medical history, their demographics, their general health, their past and present medical conditions, treatments received, examination results, prescribed medications, doctor’s notes, and more.

4.Personal health record

Definition
Is a personal health care record created by the patient themselves.

How Used in Healthcare
A personal health record is information a patient creates for themselves. Information my include; patient’s name, birth date, blood type, emergency contact, date of last physical, dates and results of tests and screenings, any illnesses and surgeries; along with dates , list of your medications, any allergies, any chronic diseases, and any family history of illnesses.

5.Computerized provider order entry system

Definition
Computerized physician order entry is the process of entering medication orders electronically instead of using paper charts.

How Used in Healthcare
Computerized provider order entry refers to any system in which providers input prescription orders directly into a computer system. These systems have become common and it is used mainly because it reduces medication errors.

6.Unique patient identifier

Definition
The identity of an individual that consists of a set of personal characters that individual can be recognized.

How Used in Healthcare
Identification is the proof of one's identity. Patient Identifier is the value assigned to an individual to facilitate positive identification of that individual for healthcare purposes. Unique Patient Identifier is the value permanently assigned to an individual for identification purposes and is unique across the entire national healthcare system. Unique Patient Identifier is not shared with any other individual, (Appavu, 1997). Where I work, we use a patient’s name (first...
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