Chapter 1: Health in a Changing Society
This chapter is the beginning of our Health and Wellness textbook. It opens up with telling us, what health and wellness is. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Wellness is defined as an active process of adopting patterns of behavior that can lead to improved health and heightened life satisfaction. With wellness you have minor illness, a sense of vitality, physical, mental, social, and spiritual health. This section also gives insight on how to achieve good health and strive toward wellness.
Public Health is a big thing all around the world, not only in U.S. It is a discipline that focuses on the health of populations of people, and public health efforts has both health promotion and disease prevention. It basically reduces the risk for disease and injury and helps you live a better life in today’s hectic world. Some of the ways public health is incorporated into our daily life are: brushing our teeth in the morning, wearing a helmet when you ride your bike, the air that we breathe when going to class is smoke-free, getting a vaccination, motor vehicle safety, healthier mothers and babies, and reduced deaths from heart attacks and strokes.
The Stages of Change Model or Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a model of behavior change that focuses on stages of change. It shows that change happens as a process, and it’s not a one-time process. There are six stages that one can take to reverse their behavior. The six stages are as follows: Precontemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Acton, Maintenance, and Termination. Precontemplation is when you have no motivation to change a behavior, and may not realize you have a problem. Contemplation is when you realize you have a problem, and you start thinking that you should change in the near future. Preparation is when you make a plan for change and you start setting...