1. Define two different methods or frameworks, commonly used to collect health assessment data. Marjory Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns provides a holistic guide used by nurses to gather health data as well as a format for the organisation of data collected (White, 2005). A functional assessment assists the nurse in obtaining the clients past health history, current health status and perception of health behaviours (Gordon, 2010). Focusing on 11 areas of possible functional health problems the nurse observes and evaluates the client’s responses and health practices that were used to reach the current health status (Carpenito-Moyet, 2007). Health problems are determined by assessing patterns manifested in an individual’s behaviour and responses across time (Gordon, 2010). The word pattern is used to signify a sequence of recurring behaviour; health patterns can be functional, dysfunctional or have the potential to be dysfunctional. Functional patterns represent a healthy set of behaviours while dysfunctional represent a disease or at risk of disease (Berman et al, 2012). Together using a holistic perspective the nurse and client can determine a pattern to be functional or dysfunctional.
Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory is based upon the philosophy that all clients wish to care for themselves, and they are able to recover more quickly and holistically by performing their own self-care as much as they can (Orem & Taylor,2011). Self-Care serves as a framework that underpins health promotion. Theory can be applied to client assessment where the emphasis is on the importance of how one’s own self is important for maintaining life, health development and well-being. Self-Care Deficit Theory is made up of the three interrelated theories of self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems. The concepts of self-care are self-care, self-care agency, self-care requisites (universal, developmental, and health deviation),...
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