In this report I will be conducting a safety inspection on my study area at home. I have identified six hazards and filled out an inspection checklist aswell as a table explaining the hazard, the risk, any recommendations, timeframe, records, monitoring and measuring and training. I conducted this inspection on the seventh of June 2010.
2.Brief overview of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)
Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is an important consideration for all Australians, but particularly for business. Good OHS practices not only provide a safer working environment but also improve worker morale and productivity. Businesses who strive to improve their OHS performance create safer workplaces which benefit not only employers but there families, their communities and the Australian economy. (Safe Work Australia 2009)
3.Stats on work related injuries per year
Every day a person is killed or dies as a result of a work related accident or injury. Each year approximately 140,000 people are injured so badly that they make a claim for workers compensation. This alone costs workers compensation schemes in excess of $5 billion a year. Maintaining a focus on OHS in the workplace will ensure that every Australian arrives home from work each day in the same state as they left. (Safe Work Australia 2009)
4.Difference between Hazards and Risks
A hazard is an item or event that could cause injury or loss. Whereas a risk is the likelihood or probability that an item or workplace will cause harm or loss. (Hottes 1997, pg 31) An example of this is;
It is hazardous to cross a road – a passing vehicle may hit you. Before crossing the road, we should assess the risk of being hit. The risk would be higher at peak hour, in the dark, the more slowly we cross the road and/or the faster the traffic moves. The greater we assess the risk to be, the necessary it is to take steps to minimise it. (Cole 2001, pg 218)
5.Hazards in my Work area
The hazards i came across are as follows;
1.Electrical items are not tested and tagged to date.
2.Leads and cords are loose and not kept under the desk.
3.Items are not safetly stored.
4.Rugs are not flat.
5.Heavy items are not stored at waist height; e.g. Computer is on floor.
6.Risks and Recommendations
a.Electrical Items are not Tested and Tagged to Date
As stated in www.electricaltagging.info/index.html. About 2% of all items tested are faulty. Many of these faulty items have the potential to cause electrocution and/or electrical fire. Risk – Someone could electrocute themselves.
Recomendation – Don’t use the electrical items until someone has carried out a professional test on them. b.Leads and Cords not kept under Desk
Risk – Tripping Hazard
Recommendation - Tie zip cords around the loose cords so they don't become loose again and store them under the desk as far back as possible. c.Items that are not safely stored
Risk - Tripping Hazard, i.e. Item could fall onto floor and become a tripping hazard. Recommendation - Get filing cabinet, cupboard to store loose items and documents in.
d.Rugs not Flat
Risk - Rugs have lumps in them which can cause a potential tripping hazard. Recommendation – Buy new Matts
e.Heavy items are not stored at waist height, e.g. computer on floor This can cause back, leg and arm injuries.
Risk - You could do serious damage to your muscles causing injury. Recommendation – Buy a bigger desk to store the computer on. f.Ergonomics
Proper ergonomic design is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term disability. Risk - Puts stress on certain body muscles, mainly eyes and neck. Recommendation - Print out proper ergonomics diagram and stick on wall next to computer screen to look at and follow whenever sitting at a computer screen.
Because this inspection was conducted at my house there is no real time frame in...