Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese film director, animator, manga artist, producer, and screenwriter. Through his animation career that has spanned over fifty years, Miyazaki has been loved and highly recognized by the public with his high quality works full of imagination. People enjoy his animated films not only because his films are distinct from those animation which portrait love and romantic, or violence and war, but also because of the hidden meaning in his films. While many people think he is the most admired and influential filmmaker working in animation today, he is also one of few animators which the public can identify by name. Nevertheless, the success of his animated films has earned him the international acclaim as the one of most successful makers of animated films. Miyazaki has even been compared with American animator Walt Disney, British animator Nick Park, as well as American director Robert Zemeckis (Morrison). Miyazaki was born on January 5, 1941, in Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. In 1963, he graduated from Gakushuin University with degrees in Political Science and Economics. Instead of finding a job related to his majors, he chose to the one which he was really interested in. as a result, he started his animation career in Toei Douga (Toei Animation) as an in-between artist. His talent and hard-working has been recognized soon after he entered the animation industry, when he worked as an in-between artist on the Toei production Gulliver's Travels Beyond the Moon in 1965. In the following years, he worked as various roles in the animation industry. In 1968, Miyazaki met Isao Takahata while working as chief animator, concept artist, and scene designer on the anime Hols: Prince of the Sun, whom became his valuable and intimate partner in his later career. In 1979, Miyazaki was finally able to direct his first feature anime film, Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro. Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro may not be as famous as Miyazaki’s later works; however, it has brought Miyazaki the first award in his career. Later in 1984, Miyazaki directed his second animated film, Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind, which has been considered as the breakthrough film in his career. In this adventure film, Miyazaki created a world full of the fascination with aircraft and flight which successfully captured many audiences’ eyeball. The success of this film not only let Miyazaki become well-known among the Japanese audiences, but also established his status in the animation industry. Under the funding from Tokuma Shoten Publishing Co., Ltd., Miyazaki founded the animation production company Studio Ghibli with Isao Takahata and Yasuyoshi Tokuma in June 1985. The idea of establishing Studio Ghibli was to create a stable and comfortable environment for Miyazaki and Takahata to produce animated films. So far, Studio Ghibli has release 17 feature films and 1 television film. Miyazaki directed and wrote most of these works, and he even took the producer’s role during the production of Kiki's Delivery Service in 1989. People call him a fearsomely hands-on artist because he involved some many aspects in making his animated films. He does everything from scriptwriting to storyboard sketching, and even personally reviewed and corrected every frame used in his early works. I believed this is credited to experience of working as various roles in the animation industry during his early career. However, what makes the workload of making an animated film so high for Miyazaki is that he rarely relies on computer graphic imagery. He insists to use traditional hand-drawn animation throughout the animation process until now. Up to 70 percent of the individual frames in his film were drawn by him and done using water color. Studio Ghibli first adapted computer graphic imagery in the film Princess Mononoke in order to meet the release dealine; however, Miyazaki still drew 80,000 out of 140,000 frames by hand (Chute). Later in his 2008...
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