Has Imperialism Perished

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“Imperialism is broadly the policy of extending the power or rule of the state beyond its

boundaries typically through the establishment of an empire.”(Andrew Heywood ,Global

Politics ,(Palgrave Macmillan ,2011),28).Imperialism in its earliest usage was keen on the

creation of formal political domination ,it also reflected the expansion of state power

and also the ideology that aid in military expansion .However this view has changed so

much so ,that dominant countries are only in it for the power(economically).Slavery was

used as a means of expanding profits of leading countries .Slavery is no longer practice

however it has come in a different form .Weaker nations have become so dependant on

imperialistic countries that we could easily classify it as slavery.
Imperialism has primarily been the most powerful force in the world history dated back

five centuries ago. Imperialism deals alot with domination, the more aggressive nations

ruled the economic exploitation of the weaker nations. These stronger nation gained these

other nations by conquest, treaty or purchase. These dominant nation often control these

other nations for the benefit of themselves such as for their economic ,political and

cultural life. Imperialism seeks to achieve the same aim as colonialism but “without the

trouble and cost of actually establishing colonies”(Llyod Erskine Sandiford, Politics &

Society ,An Introduction in Barbados and the Caribbean,(Cassia Publishing Limited

,2000),24).These dominant nations where so eager that they did not only dominant

colonies but countries to .The growth of imperialism was based on citizens being proud

of their country’s accomplishment, which included over throwing foreign places. Social

Darwinist view on imperialism was that “the stronger groups will takeover and replace

the weaker ones. This idea was known as ‘The White Man’s Burden” after a poem by

Rudyard Kipling. Critics interpreted this poem to mean “that it was the duty of the

imperializing nations to bring western culture and sensibility to the savage native

populations that were encountered in far off lands”.

Imperialism has changed so much so that it involves ‘economic domination without the

establishment of political control.” Dominant countries no longer want to dominate for

direct political power but economic means .These stronger nations would go to other

nations to seek goods/services for their benefit, for example European nations would go

to Barbados (a foreign country)and dominate so they could get the raw materials to make

their goods so as to maintain an industrialized economy and increase profits. There was a

need to cut production costs and maximize profits by investing in countries with cheaper

labor markets .Imperialism is now based heavily on capital therefore these weaker

nations started to depend on them .These nations were particularly vulnerable because

they had a “low standard of living and inferior quality of life for citizens” (Llyod Erskine

Sandiford, Politics & Society ,An Introduction in Barbados and the Caribbean,(Cassia

Publishing Limited ,2000),25).Other large nations then realize that these imperialistic

nations are becoming wealthier as a result of imperialism consequently they decided to

become imperialistic to gain these benefits. Imperialism according to political theories

purpose is to decrease the strategic and political vulnerability of a nation however this is

not practiced anymore. Thus some have argued that the new imperialism was “caused by

a flight of foreign capital’(Addo H ,Imperialism ,The Permanent Stage of Capitalism (The

United Nations University ,1986).

Slavery is defined in The Oxford Concise Dictionary Of Politics as the condition in

which the life ,liberty, fortune of an individual is withheld .The Caribbean was a main...
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