Harriet Martineau

Topics: Sociology, Auguste Comte, Institution Pages: 1 (270 words) Published: September 10, 2012
Harriet Martineau
* Born: June 12, 1802(1802-06-12)(Norwich England)
* Died: June 27, 1876(1876-06-27) (Ambleside, England)
* Notable works include: Deerbrook (1839)
Society in America(1837)
The Hour and the Man (1839)
How to Observe Morals and Manners (1838)

Harriet Martineau was born on June 12 in 1802. She was an English social theorist. She wrote more than 50 books. She has translated various writings of August Comte. She is known for her perspective that 'When one studies a society, one must focus on all its aspects, including key political, religious, and social institutions'. She believed that understanding a women’s life can help in an analysis of a society. Martineau changed sociological opinions on issues, like, marriage, children, domestic and religious life, and race relations; which were previously ignored. Martineau wrote on the subject "Political Economy". Martineau's thoughts on Society in America, published in 1837, are examples of her approach to the area later known as sociological methods. Her ideas in this field were set out in her 1838 book How to Observe Morals and Manners. She believed that some very common social laws influence the life of any society, including the principle of progress, the rise of science as the most advanced product of human’s creative aims, and the importance of population and the natural physical environment. Some writers regard Martineau as "the first woman sociologist". Her introduction of Comte to the English-speaking world and the elements of sociological perspective in her original writings support her credit as a sociologist. Harriet Martineau was extraordinary both as a Victorian woman and an important revolutionary writer.
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