Hamlet Essay

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Madness is a condition of the human mind, as it eliminates all rational thoughts, therefore leaving an individual with no proper conception of what is happening around them. Ultimately, madness typically occurs to individual who experience an event or numerous events that their mind simply cannot cope with and, thus, to avoid their harsh reality, they fall into a state of madness. In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, there is much questions and debate whether the protagonist, Hamlet, is mad or just pretending. In the disastrous state of Denmark, Hamlet has had his father pass away, his mother marry his uncle while he takes over the kingship, his love of his life no longer permitted to see him and instructed for revenge by the ghost of his deceased father. Hence, these numerous events may seem to be reasonable enough for an individual to lose touch with reality and fall into madness. However, even though Hamlet displayed numerous signs of madness during the play, the strong-minded Hamlet never lost touch with reality as he continued acting rational both in his thoughts as well as when speaking with certain individuals. Furthermore, the thought process in Hamlet’s soliloquies remains logical and sane through-out the play as he examines his life and ponders the question of suicide. Thus, in the play Hamlet, Shakespeare uses the power of words to establish Hamlet’s antic disposition by interacting dynamically with different characters. The sanity of Hamlet is rather then emphasized in his constant relationship with Horatio, the different tones of speech, and insightfulness of soliloquies. The friendship and connection between Hamlet and his best friend Horatio, is very significant and utilized as an insight of Hamlet’s goodhearted and sane character through the play. After the event of the ghost appearing in the shape of Hamlet’s father, the feelings and moods of Hamlet towards the other characters became dynamic, while his interactions with Horatio were unwavering throughout. As Hamlet tries to restore the Great Chain of Being by proving his uncle’s guiltiness, Hamlet explains to Horatio; “ One scene of it comes near the circumstance which I have told thee of my father’s death. I prithee, when thou seest that act a-foot, even with the very comment of thy soul observe my uncle. If his occulted guilt do not itself unkennel in one speech, it is a damned ghost that we have seen” (III.II. l75-82). Hamlet is outlining his plan to Horatio and asking for some assistance with complete sanity. Any insane man would never seek out for help, as his own ideas and actions would be the only right ones in his mad state of mind. Thus, Hamlet seeks assistance from Horatio because he knows that any plot may have faults, therefore needs be proved impeccable by another perspective than himself. Furthermore, the constant relationship with Horatio is evident in the transition from Act 5 scene 1 to Act 5 scene 2, when Hamlet preaches his love for Ophelia and expresses his emotions in insane and compelling tone. Hamlet goes from saying “I loved you ever: but it is no matter” (VI.I. l284) in an upbeat and powerful tone when speaking to Laertas, to “So much for this, sir. Now shall you see the other.” (VI.II. l1) in a peaceful and calm tone as he changes subject when speaking to Horatio. An insane person has a constant irrational state of mind, highly incapable of expressing a calm speaking tone with a desirable person, while being upbeat with another; they are always acting the same with everyone as they blindly have no proper conception of what is happening around them. However, Hamlet displays two different characteristics, a feigned madness with Laertas, and the sane loyalty towards Horatio, an act only accomplished by someone who is able to switch personas as to cope with a harsh reality or foreplay the revenge plot. The transition from an insane persona to a sane persona is also evident with Hamlet’s interaction with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern,...
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