I. Thesis Statement
While the book preserves its classic terminology, which is static, the film provides dynamic version of interpretation so that we see more depth in the characters such as Gertrude.
II. Overview of the Materials Being Discussed:
1. The full name of the book is, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. 2. The author of the book is William Shakespeare.
3. The film was produced by The Royal Shakespeare Company.
The genre of Hamlet is tragedy. The inciting incident of the play is that the King Hamlet appeared as a ghost wearing armor and revealed that Claudius murdered him. Hamlet has conflicts himself about whether to avenge Claudius or not because he is not sure the King’s honesty. While Claudius and Polonius surveil Hamlet, Hamlet stabs Polonius, and he creates unavoidable strife with Claudius. Claudius manipulates Laertes into revenge, so Laertes challenges Hamlet a combat, and Hamlet accepts it. The ending IS a sad denouement because everyone succeeds in blood revenge, and they all die at the end of the scene.
Hamlet is protagonist with a fatal flaw. He leads the whole story from the beginning to the end. The point of view focuses on Hamlet, and Shakespeare primarily describes Hamlet’s conflicts inside of his mental. Hamlet struggles due to his father’s revenge and finally he revenges on antagonist. Hamlet is antagonist also because he constantly suffers himself due to his thoughts; thinking of his mother’s insane marriage, and his father’s death sparks him revenge. Thus, Hamlet is antagonist toward himself. Claudius is clear antagonist in Hamlet. He murdered the king, and re-married his sister-in-law. Claudius surveils Hamlet when Hamlet pretends to be crazy, and he sends Hamlet to England to kill him. Polonius, a faithful counselor of Claudius, is killed by Hamlet behind the tapestry while peeping at Gertrude and Hamlet. Horatio plays an interesting role in the play; he is the only one whom Hamlet trusts and relies on. Horatio stays consistent with Hamlet and gives him advice. At the end, Horatio cleans up everything and announce the story to the world. Gertrude, the queen and Hamlet’s mother who remarried Claudius, eventually dies drinking poison, which is originally targeted to Hamlet. Laertes is counterpart of Hamlet who mainly resolves the problem. He charges Hamlet to avenge of Polonius and Ophelia, so the bloody fencing match, which is the last scene in which every character dies, holds. Ophelia is Polonius’ daughter who loves Hamlet. She keeps unease behavior and being dragged by other character. She becomes mentally sick after Polonius’ death, and consequently commits suicide.
The lesson of the play is that a person will certainly be punished if commits sin or harm someone.
VI. Spectacle of the Film
Film helps readers to understand the original play easier. As an active device, visual elements such as light, expression, and clothing refer the atmosphere of scene and characters’ traits. For example, Gertrude always wears saturated-colored clothes. In Act1, Scene2, when people commemorate Claudius’ throne, Gertrude wears a dark-blue dress that seems somber and cold. The blue color of her dress represents that she is cold-blooded, so she could remarry her brother-in-law less than two month after the king died. Her red dress, in Act 3, Scene 2, shows her passion towards the authority. Like her clothing colors, her behavior is greedy and ambitious. For Ophelia, she always wears ambiguous and faint colored clothes; it shows that her character is unstable and easily swayed. As the film heading to the end, both Gertrude and Ophelia become disheveled. The queen’s hair becomes messy, and she does not wear organized make up. Likewise, Ophelia’s lips are pale and she has deep-dark circle under her eyes after Polonius’ death. Consequently, an appearance of actors emphasizes their emotional changes, so the audience...
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