Green Revolution

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Green Revolution

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Green Revolution (disambiguation).
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Increased use of various technologies such as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers as well as new breeds of high yield crops were employed in the decades after the Second World War to greatly increase global food production. |[pic] | |Agriculture | |General | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

Green Revolution refers to a series of research, development, and technology transferinitiatives, occurring between the 1940s and the late 1970s, that increased agriculture production around the world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s. It forms a part of the 'neo-colonial' system of agriculture wherein agriculture was viewed as more of a commercial sector than a subsistence one.[1]

The initiatives, led by Norman Borlaug, the "Father of the Green Revolution" credited with saving over a billion people from starvation, involved the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains, expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management techniques, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers.

The term "Green Revolution" was first used in 1968 by former United States Agency for International Development (USAID) director William Gaud, who noted the spread of the new technologies:

"These and other developments in the field of agriculture contain the makings of a new revolution. It is not a violent Red Revolution like that of the Soviets, nor is it a White Revolution like that of the Shah of Iran. I call it the Green Revolution."[2]

|Contents | |  [hide]  | |1 History | |1.1 IR8 and the Philippines | |1.2 CGIAR | |1.3 Problems in Africa | |2 Agricultural production and food security | |2.1 Technologies | |2.2 Production increases | |2.3 Effects on food security | |3 Criticism | |3.1 Food security | |3.1.1 Malthusian criticism | |3.1.2 Famine | |3.1.3 Quality of diet | |3.1.4 Political impact | |3.1.5 Socioeconomic impacts | |3.1.6 Globalization...
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