Green Belt Movement

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Reducing Deforestation

Abstract
The Green Belt Movement was established in 1977 by Dr. Wangari Maathai. The movement was enacted to plant enough trees and raise awareness regarding tropical deforestation. Although she was persecuted for her efforts to protect Kenya’s forest, she continued to fight the forest “give-aways” by planting trees and other nonviolent actions . The movement discovered that the survival of the forests is dependent upon how well they are cared for; it is also dependent on how well the government protects them from being destroyed. This paper will discuss the Green Belt Movement and the awareness it brought to the society and several way to use the forest in a sustainable manner.

Reducing Deforestation
Wangari Maathai is the first Kenyan woman to earn a PhD and to govern an academic department at the University of Nairobi. Dr. Maathai is also the founder of the Green Belt Movement that was founded in 1977. This movement was established after Dr. Maathai discovered that people in her homeland were suffering from malnutrition, lack of water for hydration, andlack of trees for firewood which is used for cooking. In addition, the lack of forest cover dried up many rivers, which destroyed the land’s ability to absorb the rain. The Green Belt Movement is a responsible movement that took accountability for the effects of deforestation on Kenya. Although this movement was developed in an effort plant enough trees for the area and raise awareness regarding tropical deforestation, Dr. Maathai realized that her vision would not be successful if the local people neglected to take care of the trees and if the government did not enlighten its people that the environment is an everyday issue. Dr. Wangari Maathai experienced many trials and tribulations for her project before she became her countries’ hero. She was persecuted for her efforts to protect Kenya’s forest, because the government officials liked to give away land and public...
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