Golden Delicious and Apple

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Apples

Industry & Trade
Summary

Office of Industries
Publication ITS-04
February 2010

UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION

COMMISSIONERS
Shara Aranoff, Chairman
Daniel R. Pearson, Vice Chairman
Deanna Tanner Okun
Charlotte R. Lane
Irving A. Williamson
Dean A. Pinkert
Robert A. Rogowsky
Director, Office of Operation
Karen Laney-Cummings
Director, Office of Industries

This report was prepared principally by:
Brendan Lynch
Brendan.lynch@usitc.gov
Fruits, Vegetables, Juices, Nuts and Specialty Products
Agriculture and Fisheries Division

Under the direction of:
Jonathan Coleman
Chief, Agriculture and Fisheries Division

Address all communications to
Secretary to the Commission
United States International Trade Commission
Washington, DC 20436

PREFACE
The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) has initiated its current Industry and Trade Summary series of reports to provide information on the rapidly evolving trade and competitive situation of the thousands of products imported into and exported from the United States. From 1988 to 2008, U.S. international trade in goods and services rose by almost 350 percent, compared to an increase of 180 percent in the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP), before falling sharply in late 2008 and 2009 due to the economic downturn. During the same two decades, international supply chains became more global and competition increased.

Each Industry and Trade Summary addresses a different commodity/industry and contains information on trends in consumption, production, and trade, as well as an analysis of factors affecting industry trends and competitiveness in domestic and foreign markets. This report on apples primarily covers the period 2004 to 2008.

Papers in this series reflect on going research by USITC international trade analysts. The work does not represent the views of the United States International Trade Commission or any of its individual Commissioners. This paper should be cited as the work of the author only, not as an official Commission document.

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CONTENTS
Page

Preface ......................................................................................................................................

i

Abstract ...................................................................................................................................

1

Introduction .........................................................................................................................

3

Definition and scope............................................................................................................ U.S. industry and the global market .................................................................................... Industry issues .....................................................................................................................

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4

U.S. Industry ......................................................................................................................

5

Industry structure................................................................................................................. Overview ......................................................................................................................... Number and concentration of growers and packers ........................................................ Price-setting and marketing............................................................................................. Production process .............................................................................................................. Horticultural practices ..................................................................................................... Packing operations ..........................................................................................................

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