Globalization Impact in Brazil

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  GLOBALIZATION
 IN
 BRAZIL
 
 
HOW
 HAS
 GLOBALIZATION
 AFFECTED
 THE
 ECONOMIC,
 POLITICAL
  AND
 SOCIAL
 CONDITIONS
 IN
 BRAZIL?
 

 
 
 
 

  GINA
 MARIE
 HELLAND
 HAUGE
 
  MARIE
 THERESE
 MAGNUSSON
 
 

 
MASTER
 THESIS
 
  August,
 2011
 

  Pages:
 97
  STUs:
 240
 410
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  COPENHAGEN
 BUSINESS
 SCHOOL
 
MASTER
 OF
 SCIENCE
 IN
 INTERNATIONAL
 BUSINESS
 
  SUPERVISOR:
 JOACHIM
 LUND
  Department
 of
 Business
 and
 Politics
 

Executive
 summary
 

  This thesis investigates the concept of globalization and its effects on the economic, political and social development in Brazil. For many years Brazil suffered from economic instability, high inflation and high levels of income inequalities and poverty. New reforms and opening up of domestic markets has had positive effects on Brazil in terms of stabilizing the economy. Globalization is a growing phenomenon and its effects on the world and people have been enormous. Trade liberalization has led to increased foreign direct investment inflows and it has also increased Brazil’s international trade. During the era of globalization and economic growth, Brazil has received more power within international organizations and has become an important addition to international politics. But, even if the trade liberalization had positive effects on Brazil during the 1990s, inequality and poverty levels did not decline. This was due to the lack of functioning social policies. Governmental changes in the 21st century led to social reforms and by introducing new policies poverty levels were reduced. Today Brazil is experiencing a growing middle class and a further reduction of inequality levels. For globalization to have a positive effect on Brazil it must be controlled and the working economic reforms must be introduced. This happened during the mid 1990s and since the beginning of the 21st century Brazil has experienced the benefits of globalization.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

2
 

Table
 of
 Contents
 
Executive
 summary
  Abbreviations
  1.
 
 
 
 Introduction
  1.1
 Background
  1.2
 Problem
 specification
  1.3
 Delimitations
  1.4
 Methodology
 approach
  1.5
 Literature
 review
 and
 previous
 research
  1.6
 Structure
  2.
 Globalization
  2.1
 Definition
 of
 globalization
  2.2
 Measuring
 globalization
  2.3
 The
 economic
 dimension
 of
 globalization
  2.4
 The
 political
 dimension
 of
 globalization
  2.5
 The
 social
 dimensions
 of
 globalization
  3.
 Social
 development
 in
 Brazil
  3.1
 Overview
  3.2
 A
 historical
 perspective
  3.3
 Social
 Security
 Development
  3.4
 Rural
 vs.
 urban
 areas
  3.5
 Bolsa
 Familia
  3.6
 Social
 participation
  3.7
 Public
 policy
 councils
  3.8
 Conferences
  4.
 The
 economic
 and
 political
 history
 of
 Brazil
  4.1
 Before
 democracy
  4.2
 1985-­1992
 –
 Years
 of
 instability
  4.2.1
 The
 Cruzado
 Plan
  4.2.2
 The
 Bresser
 Plan
  4.2.3
 GDP
 growth
  4.3
 1992-­2002
  4.3.1
 The
 Real
 Plan
  4.3.2
 A
 change
 in
 the
 economy
  4.3.3
 Fiscal
 Responsibility
 Law
  4.3.4
 Challenges
 from
 the
 outside
  4.4
 Governmental
 change
  5.
 Brazil
 as
 a
 “BRIC-­country”
  5.1...
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