WHO: Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese maritime explorer, was the first explorer to circumnavigate the globe and cross the Pacific Ocean on his famous voyage in search of a westward route to the Moluccas (now Melaka). This is one of the greatest Portuguese explorers to ever sail the ocean. Ferdinand Magellan was born in about 1480 in Sabrosa of a noble family, and he spent his years as a court page. He ran errands and helped out with general chores but he was still looking for something more. He was the first European explorer to reach the Philippine archipelago and brought it to European attention.
WHAT: Ferdinand Magellan’s Expedition
WHERE: On the island of Homonhon, Philippines
WHEN: On March 16, 1521
WHY: He wanted to see the world and find out what there was to explore : If Magellan could reach the Moluccas from the West, Spain's wealth would exceed all other countries : Christianity
HOW: In 1506 he went to the East Indies, participating in many military and exploratory expeditions in Malacca and the Moluccas, known as the Spice Islands, and by 1510 he had been promoted to the rank of captain. He returned to Portugal in 1512 and in 1513 was stationed in Morocco, where he got wounds that injured him for life. He requested an increase in his royal allowance but was rejected by Emanuel, king of Portugal, who didn't agree with Magellan's plan to find a westward route to the Moluccas. This made Magellan renounce his Portuguese nationality. In 1517 he offered his services to the king of Spain, Charles I (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V). With his good salesmanship skills, Magellan convinced Charles to fund the expedition to find a westward route to the Moluccas.
September 20, 1519 Magellan started his great journey to the Moluccas from Sanlucar de Barrameda with five ships – Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria, and Santiago – 270 men.
In November of that year he reached South America. In...