* Introduction – describe what hip-hop is and attributes of the genre (200 words):
In this case study I will be looking at music genre of hip-hop and how representations of gender, sexuality and race are reflected through this genre. Joseph Schloss describes hip-hop as ‘a diverse and vibrant culture that makes use of variety of techniques and approaches to serve many communities throughout the United States, in fact the world’ (Schloss:2004: p8). Music from the genre is mainly produced with the aid of a DJ (Disc Jockey) alongside the main rap artist. Music within the hip-hop genre typically consists of rhythmic speaking known as ‘rap’ which is often performed and recorded over samples and backing tracks.
Hip-hop music is generally associated with ‘urban’ culture and is related to the general distinctions of this culture, such as break dancing and graffiti. For example, this can be seen at the start of the music video for ‘Drop it like it’s hot’ by Snoop Dogg where a man graffiti’s lyrics and images over a wall. The music genres ‘Rap’ and ‘hip-hop’ can be viewed as very similar as both portray the same lyrical values as well as having a similar production techniques, however they have slight differences, as Henry Adaso states, ‘Rap is a form of music that stemmed from hip-hop culture. Hip hop is a lifestyle with its own lingo, dress code, etc. In the words of KRS-One, "hip-hop is something you live, rap is something you do.’ (Henry Adaso. (n/a). Hip-Hop Defined)
* Give examples of how sexuality is represented within hip-hop (use SPECIFIC examples):
Within the genre of hip-hop it is rare to see a female take a dominant role as most hip hop videos and lyrics objectify women and will show men down talking to them, which suggests women are inferior to men and should only be viewed as sexual objects. Women are also often viewed as possessions of the male artist, as they are pictured alongside other items the...