Gender discrimination is discrimination against a person or group on the grounds of sex or gender identity. Socially, sexual differences have been used to justify societies in which one sex or the other has been restricted to significantly inferior and secondary roles. While there are non-physical differences between men and women (gender is learned not genetics), unfair discrimination usually follows the gender stereotyping held by a society and is used to enforce the roles held by that society as acceptable. Gender is a common term where as gender discrimination is meant only for women, because females are the only victims of gender discrimination. Gender discrimination is not biologically determined but it is determined by socially and the discrimination can be changed by the proper and perpetuate efforts. Denial of equality, rights and opportunity and suppresment in any form on the basis of gender is gender discrimination. Half of the world’s population is females. They are doing two-third of work of the total work in the world but received only one-tenth of the world’s total income. Nearly two-third of the women is illiterates and they have possessed only one percent of the total world’s assets. In the world only one-fourth of the families are headed by female. India is a male dominant society and gender discrimination is customised habitually.
Women suffer sex based violence throughout their life cycle .Pre-Birth there is sex selective abortion; battering during pregnancy (emotional and physical effects on the woman; effects on birth outcome); coerced pregnancy. In Infancy sex based infanticide; emotional and physical abuse; differential access to food and medical care can be seen. In Girlhood, child marriage; genital mutilation; sexual abuse by strangers and family members; differential access to food and medical care; child prostitution are getting common. During Adolescence dating and courtship violence; economically coerced sex; sexual abuse in the...
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