GarlandColleen Unit 7 Assignment

Topics: Prison, Crime, Criminal law Pages: 3 (556 words) Published: November 7, 2014
Unit 7 Assignment: Comparative Analysis
Consider the following processes in the justice system.
Check the appropriate box to indicate whether the process is the same or different between the two systems.

Check if this process is the same in both the juvenile justice system and the adult justice system. Check if this process is different in the juvenile justice system than it is in the adult justice system. Plea bargaining

X

Appeals
X

Rehabilitation efforts

X
Diversion programs

X
Closed court proceedings

X
Confidentiality of records

X
Right against self-incrimination
X

Due process
X

“Trial”

X
Availability of Death Penalty as an authorized sentence

X
Sentencing Hearing

X
Goal of Sentencing

X

Select four (4) of the processes identified above and clearly compare and contrast their treatments in the juvenile and adult courts. Use your answers above as a guide. (No more than a paragraph for each comparison). 1) Closed court proceedings. Cases involving juveniles are held in a closed court room, and a judge decides the sentence for the offender. This is called a bench trial. Also, juvenile cases are more informal, the offender waits his/her turn to speak before the judge. Adult cases are open to the public and press and details of the case can be provided to the media. Most cases in the adult system are jury trials, occasionally a defendant will waive that right and request a bench trial. 2) Confidentiality of records. In the juvenile justice system, an offender’s record is sealed at the age of majority. An adult offender’s record is permanent and certain sections are open to the public. For example, anyone can go on a mug shot website and see offender’s mug shots, sex offenders must register themselves on the sex offender registry list. 3) Death Penalty. Only adult offenders can receive the death penalty sentence. Only crimes of a heinous nature in the adult justice system are eligible for the...
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