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Gangs in prison developed for a various reasons including for solidarity, power, and self-defense. They were all established by inmates with a complex and highly organized structure. These organizations inmates related with each other according to gang affiliation instead of as an individual. Prisoners were therefore absorbed in the prisons gang structure. There large numbers and solidarity made it difficult for staff to manage and control the inmates. Prison control weakened and a relationship between staff and inmates was replaced by gang-staff relationships, gang leaders acquired complete control over distribution of prison cores discriminating against non-members. Today these prison gangs are still a challenge to the normal functioning of the prison having prisoners disrespecting and forming affiliations with prison personnel. The paper discusses the activities of the Aryan brothers, the folks ,Ms 13, the Islam nation and the Ku Klux Klan, where they are geographical concentration and the threat they pose to social and national security. The Aryan Brotherhood Also known as the AB or brand, the gang was founded by an inmate at the San Quentin Prison in California 1967 and presently has spread to almost all prisons including. Its structure composed of a highly organized chain of command made up of the president, vice president, captains from each prison, lieutenants representing each housing unit, sergeants, sergeant at arms, soldiers, enforcers and probates respectively. Membership was only made up of white supremacists with an aim of protecting white inmates from assault and rape from black American inmates. They conducted their activities in pretence, ordaining members into a “religion” to avoid being nabbed by the prison personnel. Recruitment to the gang involved the member to be to undertake a task of murder of an inmate process they termed as “making his bones” to was to ensure the continuity of their course. The gang was guided by eleven principles that all members were to abide by, they included; membership was forever, once in only death shall set you free, maintain the spirit of brotherhood by looking out for a brother, members must abide by the orders and decisions of the leaders, a brother shall not be disputed in front of a non brother, maintain respect for each other before strangers, a brother shall protected and the same should apply for his property and interests, an order shall be carried out by self will, maintain brotherhood even when out of prison “blood in blood out’, make reasonable donation to the gang’s account after some time to help out fellow brothers, and strive to maintain respect of the white race in prison (Williams, 2006). The gang knew each operation of the prison, they therefore placed members strategically to gather information, make weapons and tools that could come in handy in the near future. The membership to this gang is weakest at the Ohio prison where most of them are inmates from the Marion correctional facility and the Seven Steps program. The gang has been known to castigate murder, extortion, drugs, and forcefully inducting black inmates into prostitution and later selling them. In fact, they are the sole drug distributors in the federal and state prisons. From the year 2000 war on its activities has been increased with most of its members being rounded up, four of its gang leaders were in 2005 found guilty of murder of African Americans and intimidation to cover up for their drug trafficking activities.
The gang came into existence in 1865,...