Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience
In the early 1930’s, Gandhi’s movement for India's independence took a new form when he introduced the civil disobedience movement. During the 1920’s when Gandhi had first introduced a sense of nationalism among his fellow Indians, he did so with great passion yet there was still much to be done to gain respect from the British. His campaign for Swaraj took a new form when his demands were ignored, and he introduced the Civil Disobedience movement in the early 1930’s.
Gandhi had sent a letter to the viceroy on March 2nd, 1930 addressing him about his displeasure with British rule, so as a form of retaliation, he decided he was going to lead a salt march that would take place later that month. He informed the viceroy that on March 11th, just nine days later that he would lead his fellow Satyagrahis 240 miles to Dandi where they would pick up a handful of salt. One might wonder why salt was chosen, but the reason is because the British had put a tax on salt which meant the British would receive more money and no Indian could make their own salt.
Gandhi preached about this new movement to his followers and thought this was the only way to attain swaraj. There were other methods Gandhi preached about as well, he wanted to refuse to pay taxes, for lawyers to give up their practice, government servants to resign their posts. Gandhi had basically wanted to inflict as much damage as possible without ever committing an act of violence. This way, the British would be confused and perplexed because they would not know how to respond to such a movement. Gandhi encourage people to make their own salt even though it was against the law. On April 6th 1930, upon reaching Dandi, Gandhi picked up up a handful of salt and officially inaugurated the civil disobedience movement. By the time Gandhi reached Dandi, Gandhi had the support of the whole nation. He inspired other salt marches across India such as C. Rajagopalachari, K. Kelappan.
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