FREUD’S LITERARY CULTURE
This original study investigates the role played by literature in Sigmund Freud’s creation and development of psychoanalysis. Graham Frankland analyses the whole range of Freud’s own texts from a literary-critical perspective, providing a fresh and comprehensive reappraisal of his life’s work. Freud was steeped in classical European literature but seems initially to have repressed all literary inﬂuences on his scientiﬁc work. Frankland traces their reemergence, examining in detail Freud’s many literary allusions and quotations as well as the rhetoric and imagery of his writing. He explores Freud’s own attempts at analysing literature, the inﬂuence of literary criticism on his approach to analysing patients, and his creation of psychoanalytical ‘novels’, quasi-literary ﬁctions fraught with profoundly personal subtexts. Freud’s Literary Culture sheds new light on a multi-faceted, contradictory writer who continues to have an unparalleled impact on our postmodern culture precisely because he was so deeply rooted in European literary tradition. is Research Fellow in German at the University of Liverpool. He is currently translating Freud’s ‘The Unconscious’ for Penguin Modern Classics.
General editors H.B. Nisbet, University of Cambridge Martin Swales, University of London Advisory editor Theodore J. Ziolkowski, Princeton University
Also in the series .. : The Dear Purchase: A Theme in German Modernism : The Plays of Heinrich von Kleist: Ideals and Illusions .. : Theatre in Vienna: A Critical History – : The German ‘Bildungsroman’: Incest and Inheritance : Women, the Novel, and the German Nation –: Domestic Fiction in the Fatherland : Literature and German Reuniﬁcation : Rilke, Modernism and Poetic Tradition
F R E U D ’ S L I T E R A RY C U LT U R E
The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA 477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia Ruiz de Alarcón 13, 28014 Madrid, Spain Dock House, The Waterfront, Cape Town 8001, South Africa http://www.cambridge.org © Graham Frankland 2004 First published in printed format 2000 ISBN 0-511-03392-3 eBook (Adobe Reader) ISBN 0-521-66316-4 hardback
Preface Acknowledgements Introduction The unconscious of psychoanalysis: Freud’s literary allusions A sublime ambivalence: Freud as literary critic
page xi xiii
The literary-critical paradigm: sources of Freud’s hermeneutic The frustrated Dichter: literary qualities of Freud’s text Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index
Throughout this book, the intention of which is to examine the role played by literature in Freud’s creation, presentation, and development of psychoanalysis, my approach to his works will essentially be that of a literary critic. For this reason I shall not be aiming to make deﬁnitive pronouncements on the truth value of psychoanalysis, nor shall I address – at least, not explicitly – the various contemporary debates about the scientiﬁc and philosophical credentials of psychoanalysis, such as the feminist critique of Freud’s patriarchal and phallocentric assumptions, for example, or the contentious issues involving memories of abuse recovered during therapy. Such omissions do not, of course, imply an imperious rejection on my part of the validity of these debates. In one respect, they correspond merely to a narrowing of focus that is essential when dealing with such a...