Introduction and Objectives
This lab experiment was done to determine the characteristics of free fall and projectile motion in Physics. The motion in which a body is thrown or projected is called Projectile motion while free fall is any motion of a body where gravity is the only force acting upon it, at least initially. In this experiment, a photogate, a chopper, and a Universal Lab Interface were used to determine the free fall motion of the chopper as it was released. A ball, carbon paper, and an L-shape projector were also used to determine the range of projectile motion of a ball being released from a horizontal yet slightly vertical slope. At the end of the experiment, one will know how velocity and time affect the acceleration of a free falling object and its projectile motion.

Thoery
Aristotle stated in his theory of motion that the fall of a heavy object toward the center of the earth is a natural motion because the object is just returning to its natural place. He also stated that heavy objects fall faster than lighter ones because increase in the rate of motion is proportional to the weight of the object. Galileo’s theory states that the when a ball was rolled down an inclined plane at fixed angle; the ratio of the distance covered to the square of the corresponding time was always the same, but that when the angle of inclination is changed, the constant also changes but remains the same for the same angle. The constant d/t2 is also the constant for falling

object (refers to the acceleration due to gravity). The experimental range used in the experiment is 45 cm, and the expression of the range of the projectile was found in terms of Vg and h. The horizontal distance traveled by the projectile for the total time of flight is given simply by R=vxt where t is the total time of flight and vx is the constant horizontal velocity. The time of flight was found using the equation for vertical motion, which is y=yi +...

...ProjectileMotion
Purpose: Apply the concepts of two-dimensional kinematics (projectilemotion) to predict the impact point of an object as its velocity increases.
Introduction: The most common example of an object that is moving in two dimensions is a projectile. A projectile is an object upon which the only force acting is gravity. That is to say a projectile is any object that once projected or dropped continues in motion by its own, and is influenced only by the downward force of gravity. There are a number of examples of projectiles, such as
an object dropped from rest, an object that is thrown vertically upward, and an object
which is thrown upward at an angle to the horizontal is also a projectile. Since a projectile
is an object that only has a single force acting on it, the free-body diagram of a projectile
would show only a single force acting downwards; labeled force of gravity. Regardless of
which direction a projectile is moving, the free-body diagram of the projectile is still as
depicted in the diagram at the right.
In the case of projectiles, one can use information about the initial velocity and position of a projectile to predict such things as how much time the projectile is in the air and how...

...y I. Introduction
In this lab the main focus was projectilemotion. A projectile is an object flying through the air that is only under the force of gravity (neglecting air resistance). A projectile moves both horizontally and vertically, which creates a parabolic flight path. In vertical projectilemotion there is a constant velocity since there are no forces in the horizontal direction (neglecting drag due to air resistance). Consequently, there is no acceleration in horizontal projectilemotion. In vertical projectilemotion gravity is acting on the projectile, which means that the acceleration in vertical projectilemotion is equal to gravity’s acceleration (9.8m/s2). Some equations for projectilemotion are the three kinematic equations, the equation for Vx (Vx = ∆x/∆t), and the equation for time (∆t = 2∆y/g).
The purpose of this lab was to get a projectile falling off a ramp on a table to land in a cup by using equations that are related to projectilemotion. The hypothesis was that if all the calculations were correct (based on the horizontal and vertical speed of the projectile, the height of the table, the height of the cup, the time for the projectile to pass through the...

...Lebanese American University
Classical Physics
3 . ProjectileMotion
Objectives:
Students will measure the maximum height H and the range R of a projectilemotion.
They will study the effect of the shooting angle on H and R.
Material used:
4 rulers, track, metallic ball, landing track, A4 white paper, red carbon paper, timer + supply, gun
+ protractor.
Theory:
A projectile is an object upon which the only force acting is gravity. There are a variety
of examples of projectiles: an object dropped from rest is a projectile (provided that the
influence of air resistance is negligible), an object thrown vertically upwards is a
projectile (provided that the influence of air resistance is negligible), and an object
thrown upwards at an angle is also a projectile (the same assumption). A projectile is
any object, which once projected, continues its motion by its own inertia and is
influenced only by the downward force of gravity.
By definition, a projectile has only one force acting upon - the force of gravity. If there
were any other force acting upon an object, then that object would not be a projectile.
Projectiles can be launched both horizontally and vertically, and they have both
horizontal and vertical velocity and horizontal and vertical displacement.1
...

...ProjectileMotion
Experiment # 4
Introduction:
ProjectileMotion exists commonly in our everyday lives and is particularly evident in the motion or flight of objects which are projected from a particular height. The key to working with projectilemotion is recognizing that when an object with mass is flying through the air, its motion is a combination of vertical and horizontal movements. Although the horizontal velocity of the object remains constant throughout the flight, it’s vertical velocity accelerates or decelerates due to gravity.
Purpose:
The purpose of this experiment is to be able to measure the velocity of a ball using two Photogates and computer software for timing, apply concepts from two-dimensional kinematics to predict the impact point of a ball in projectilemotion and ability to understand trial-to-trial variations in the velocity measurement when calculating the impact point.
Materials:
Computer plumb bob
Vernier computer interface ramp
Logger Pro two ring stands
Two Vernier Photogates two right-angle clamps
Ball(1 to 5 cm diameter) meter stick or metric measuring tape
Masking tape target
Procedure:
1) Set up a low ramp made of...

...Projectilemotion
into physics
Objective:
Our purpose for this lab was to observe projectilemotion and use the equations of motion to predict the objects location in different instances of time. We used a projectile launcher and a ball to observe these properties of motion. The main equation used in this lab was d=Vit+1/2at^2 where Vit will produce the distance due to constantmotion and 1/2at^2 will produce distance traveled due to accelerated motion or gravity in this case.
Introduction:
Projectilemotion can be split into two separate dimensions of movement. The first being constant motion in the horizontal x axis witch neglecting air resistance should stay constant throughout the projectiles path. In the vertical y axis we have constant acceleration due to gravity toward the ground. These two motions are linked in time witch allows you observe the instantaneous characteristics of the projectile. Time is the connecter between the equations so you can salve for time in one equation and plug it into the other to find the data needed at that time/distance. Let's start by analyzing the horizontal x axis. Often the distance traveled by a projectile in the horizontal is called range(R = VicosÓ¨Ît). When broken down Vi cosÓ¨Ît is the...

...ProjectileMotion Lab Report
Objectives:
This laboratory experiment presents the opportunity to study motion in two dimensions, projectilemotion, which can be described as accelerated motion in the vertical direction and uniform motion in the horizontal direction.
Procedures and Apparatus:
|Rubber Ball |White sheets of papers |
|Metal Track |Water |
|Books |Table |
|Meter-stick |Stopwatch |
• Obtain all the apparatus and material needed to proceed with experiment
• Set up a ramp using the metal track and a bunch of books at any angle so that the ball will roll off.
• Measure the distance from the edge of the table to the end of the ramp.
• Roll the ball down the ramp and off the table but make sure to catch the ball as soon as it leaves the table; do this part 10 times and record the times
• Calculate average velocity for this step
• Measure the height (vertical distance or the y-axis) of the table.
• Using this height, derive t (time) from the uniform accelerated motion in order to obtain the predicted distance x.
• The next step is to release the ball from the ramp and let it fall off the table to the floor.
• Measure the spot on the floor where the ball hits the...

...A projectile is any object that is given an initial velocity and follows a path determined by the effects of gravitational acceleration and air resistance.
Projectilemotion is the act of projecting an object into the air at an angle when a curved path is an object follows when thrown or propelled near the surface of the earth.For example: a thrown football, an object dropped from an airplane, or a bullet shot from a gun.Projectilemotion may only be used to solve mechanics problems if the acceleration is constant.The path followed by a projectile is called its trajectory. It is affected by gravity.We shall neglect the effect of air resistance and the curvature and the rotation of the earth when we want to analyses projectilemotion.
Projectilemotion is always confined to a vertical plane determined by the direction of the initial velocity.This is because the acceleration due to gravity, g is always vertically downwards and hence has no effect on the horizontal motion of the projectile.Thus projectilemotion is two-dimensional motion.We can consider the plane of plane of motion as the x- coordinate and y- coordinate with the x-axis horizontal and the y-axis vertically upward.
In another words, projectilemotion can be...

...Pre-lab:
Newtons Three Laws of Motion:
There are three laws of motion that have been stated by Sir Isaac Newton during the sixteenth century that are looked upon even today.
The first of these laws states that an object will stay in at rest or in a constant velocity unless a force acts upon it. In simplest terms this means that if u place an apple on the table it isn't just going to roll off.
The second of these laws states that when a force acts upon an object it causes it to accelerate, and the greater the mass of the object the more of the force will be needed to push it. Basically this means that it takes more force to move a heavy object than it does to move a lighter object. The Second Law of Motion can be stated as Force = (Mass)(Acceleration).
The third and final law of motion states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. This simply means that pushing on an object causes that object to push back against you, the exact same amount, but in the opposite direction.
Motion:
Motion is movement. It is the act of moving and remaining at rest. When you have motion you have a velocity that is greater than zero.
Force:
A force is anything that causes an object to move and accelerate which would be still if the force was absent.
Inertia:
Inertia is remaining at a constant velocity or at rest without any external force...

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