Per. 4 11/20/12
A gothic novel carries a typical story focused on the sufferings imposed on an innocent heroine by a cruel and lustful villain. Several characteristics include: large quantities, use of ghosts, mysterious disappearances and other sensational and supernatural occurrences. A Gothic Novel is a story in which supernatural terrors and an atmosphere of mysterious horror infiltrates the action. Often, the setting is dark and menacing, to reflect the mood of the novel. The principle purpose of any gothic novel is to evoke terror by exploiting mystery and variety of horrors. All of these qualities can be applied to Mary Shelly’s novel, “Frankenstein.” Frankenstein is a good example of a gothic novel which carries all above mentioned elements of a gothic novel. One of the innocent heroines of the novel is Elizabeth Lavenza, Frankenstein’s wife. She is an innocent character. On the very day of the honeymoon of Victor Frankenstein and Elizabeth Lavenza the cruel monster kills her without any pity and sympathy towards her. So here, the monster has been presented as the villain of the protagonist's happiness. It is the most striking element of any gothic novel which is completely applied in this novel; Frankenstein. Around the time when “Frankenstein” was being written, science had been advancing rapidly and there had been numerous stories being told associating electricity with the key to bringing something to life. We can understand this when Frankenstein says, “I collected the instruments of life around me, that I might infuse a spark of being into the lifeless thing that lay at my feet.” While creating the monster, Frankenstein became obsessed with verging deeper into the world of science than anyone had ever gone before – “I entered the diligence into the search of the philosopher’s stone and the elixir of life…’ However, “Frankenstein,” can be considered a gothic novel because it is a mysterious entertainment for the reader as to it being strictly about...
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