Chapter I: Background Study
One of the greatest events that challenged the entire Filipino society was the EDSA People power revolution happened on the 25th day of February 1986, a history that put the power on the hands of the Filipino people, considered to be the moment of the great emancipation from coercion. It was an ideal decision that freed the people and won the freedom of right politics. Based on the historical data gathered, the regime of Marcos, although with lots of positive perceptions made him reign for a long period of time, the negative application of force still manifested on the different dimensions of his government, which triggered the people to protest and make an action against. The task of right government which is the social order has vanished in the latter part of his term. The relationship and orientation of things folded into chaos. People, eventually seek for a new reform, a reformation that will lead them somehow to the ideal city, a place where peace, truth, equality and order reign, and this, was marked as the beginning of the modern historical revolution. The Filipino people at that moment, whether not all were totally present still fulfilled the dream of a new reformation. The whole society stood as “Homo Particepts” and “Homo Contemplans” and not as a mere“HomoSpectans”. One of the tasks of government is to maintain the social order in the society. This can be seen in the different institutions and codified laws being implemented within. The authorities also have the objective of making the economy in the summit of progress and not to exclude the oppressed to the map of flourishing. It is also their duty to make balance reciprocity between the elite and the marginalized, a humanitarian implication of social justice in the realm of social order. One of the prominent figures of 20th century Philosophy is Michel Foucault; he explored the shifting patterns of power within a society and the ways in which power relates to the self. And with this, in some aspect of his works can be seen his being social theorist, scrutinizing different social aspects of the society in which this shifting patterns of power and its implications are seen. Moreover, He investigated the changing rules governing the kind of claims that could be taken seriously as true or false at different times in history. In the human sciences, the historical view of problems and solutions is of greater interest, since many doctrines and view points are better understood in the light of historical circumstances. In one way or another, Foucault’s approach tends to establish a concrete and generalized philosophical scheme, so far so that, the reader would scrutinize the problem as well as the rationalization evidently. “For Foucault, there is no external position of certainty, no universal understanding that is beyond history and society. His strategy is to proceed as far as possible in his analyses without recourse to universals. His main tactic is to historicize such supposedly universal categories as human nature each time he encounters them. Foucault’s aim is to understand the plurality of the roles of reason, for example, has taken as a social practice in our civilization not to use it as a yardstick against which these practices can be measured. This position does not entail any preconceived reduction of knowledge to social condition. Rather, there is a consistent imperative, played out with varying emphases, which runs through Foucault’s Historical studies: to cover the relations of specific scientific disciplines and particular social practices.” Taken the position to trace the possible causes of oppression, through Foucault’s methodology, would be a great help. Foucault is moving in the direction of the general history.
This Philosophical paper is an exposition of Foucault’s concept of Power and knowledge, accompanied by his critique of the...
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