FORENSIC RADIOLOGY – AN OVERVIEW
Introduction Forensic is derived from the Latin forens(is): of or belonging to the forum, public, equivalent to for(um) forum + ens — of , belonging to + ic. Thus, The forensic sciences encompassthe application of specialized scientific and/or technical knowledge to questions of civil and criminal law, especially in court proceedings. Forensic Radiology usually comprises the performance, interpretation, and reportage of those radiological examinations and procedures that have to do with the courts and/or the law. Scope of Forensic Radiology 1. Identification of unknown human remains. 2. Analysis of bitemarks. 3. Interpretation of oral and maxillofacial lesions in clinical forensic cases such as child, spouse, and elder abuse. 4. Dental jurisprudence (expert witness testimony, malpractice, and self-policing of the profession). History on January 23, 1896 Röntgen gave the lecture on the discovery of X Ray. He showed x-ray pictures of various test objects and actually created an x-ray image of the hand of the famous anatomist, von Kolliker, during the meeting. The earliest case of an identification on an unknown decedent made through comparison of sinuses in skull radiographs was published in 1926. Dental radiology was used to help identify 72 of the 119 victims who perished in the 1949 fire on board the steamship Noronic which burned in Toronto. Today, radiographs are routinely used to identify unknown decedents, individually and in mass disasters, and have confirmed identifications in such notable cases as Adolf Hitler, Josef Mengele, and Lee Harvey Oswald. Roentgenogram of Prof. von Kolliker's hand during the January 23, 1896 presentation by Röntgen. Radiographic finger prints obtained by H. Béclère by coating the fingers with lead tetroxide Dental x-rays by W. Koenig in 1896. Restorations are seen in the maxillary central incisors.
1. Identification of unknown human remains. What to Compare
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