Mauro, Marisa. “What is Forensic Psychology?” Psychology Today. 7, June 2012. psychologytoday.com. 18 December 2012. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/take-all-prisoners/201006/what-is-forensic-psychology Cherry, Kendra. “Forensic Psychology Careers a Closer Look at Careers in Forensic Psychology” Psychology. about.com. 18 December 2012. http://psychology./od/psychologycareerprofiles/a/forensicpsych.htm “Forensic Psychology Careers.” What is Forensic Psychology? 2012. careersinpsychology.org. 3 march 2013. http://careersinpsychology.org/becoming-a-forensic-psychologist/ Admin. “Forensic Psychology” The forensic Psychologist. 22, January 2013. forensicsp.org. 3, March 2013. http://forensicsp.org/2013/01/22/forensic-psychology/ “Term paper, essay, research paper on Forensic Psychology” Psychology term papers. 2013. customessaymeister.com. 3, March 2013. http://www.customessaymeister.com/customessays/Psychology/16303.htm Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2005) History of Forensic Psychology. In I. B. Weiner & A. K. Hess (Ed.), The Handbook of Forensic Psychology (pp.1-27). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Benjamin, L.T., & Baker, D.B. (2004). The psychological profession in the 21st century: New practice specialties. From Séance to Science: A History of the Profession of Psychology in America (pp.200-204). California: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning
Forensic psychology is the interaction of the practice or study of psychology and the law. Psychologists interested in this line of applied work may be found working in prisons, jails, rehabilitation centers, police departments, law firms, schools, government agencies, or in private practice, to name a few. They may work directly with attorneys, defendants, offenders, victims, pupils, families, or with patients within the state's corrections or rehabilitation centers. Other psychologists interested in forensic psychology focus on the study of psychology and the law. They may work in colleges, universities, government agencies, or in other settings interested in researching and examining the interaction of human behavior, criminology, and the legal system. The first research in forensic psychology explored the psychology of testimony. James McKeen Cattell conducted one of these early studies in 1893 at Columbia University. In his informal study, he asked 56 college students a series of questions. Among the four questions were: Do chestnut or oak trees lose their leaves earlier in autumn? What was the weather like one week ago today? He also asked students to rate their confidence. Findings revealed that confidence didn’t equal correctness. Some students were confident regardless of whether their answers were correct, while others were always insecure, even when they provided the right answer. The level of accuracy also was surprising. For instance, for the weather question, students gave a wide range of responses, which were equally distributed by the types of weather possible that month. Cattell’s research ignited the interests of other psychologists. For example, Joseph Jastrow at the University of Wisconsin replicated Cattell’s study and found similar results. In 1901, William Stern collaborated with a criminologist on an interesting experiment that further showed the level of inaccuracy in eyewitness accounts. The researchers staged a phony argument in a law class, which culminated in one of the students drawing a revolver. At that point, the professor intervened and stopped the fight. Then students were asked to provide written and oral reports of what happened. Findings revealed that each student made anywhere from four to 12 errors. The inaccuracies peaked with the second half of the squabble, when tension was highest. So they cautiously concluded that emotions reduced the accuracy of recall. Stern became very active in the...
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