LECTURER’S NAME : MR. RAYMOND
DUE DATE : 18 MARCH 2010
NO.| TITLE| PAGE|
1.| TUN ABDUL RAZAK’S BIOGRAPHY| 1|
2.| MALAYSIAN’S FOREIGN POLICY| 2|
3.| ASEAN| 2-4|
4.| CHINA’S INITIATIVE| 4-6|
5.| NAM| 7-9|
6.| OIC| 9-11|
7.| COMMONWEALTH & UNITED NATION| 12-14|
8.| REFERENCES| 15|
TUN ABDUL RAZAK’S BIOGRAPHY
Tun Abdul Razak was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, heading the country from 1970 to 1976. Born in Pulau Keladi, Pahang on March 11, 1922, Tun Razak is the only child to Dato' Hussein bin Mohd Taib and Hajah Teh Fatimah bt Daud. A bright student, Tun Razak received his early education at Malay College Kuala Kangsar in 1934. He graduated with a law degree of an Utter Barrister from Lincoln's Inn, Britain. After the general elections in 1959, he became the Minister of Rural Development in addition to holding the portfolios of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense. His achievements include formulating the development policy known as the Red Book. On September 1970, Tun Razak succeeded Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra as the Prime Minister of Malaysia. Tun Razak is also renowned for launching the New Economic Policy (NEP) in 1971. He saw the need to tackle vigorously the economic and social disparities which fuelled racial antagonism. For his contributions in the area of national and rural development, Tun Abdul Razak is known as the Father of Development.
MALAYSIAN’S FOREIGN POLICY
Malaysia’s foreign policy is based on the principles of respect for the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in the affairs of other nations, peaceful settlement of disputes, peaceful co-existence and mutual benefit in relations. In the case of Malaysia, the objective is as simple as the pursuit of Malaysia’s national interest at international level. Foreign policy is carried out by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Wisma Putra. It is responsible for the formulation, planning, and implementation of the foreign policy of Malaysia. It is also responsible for managing external relations with regard to bilateral political and economic affairs, multilateral relations, ASEAN regional cooperation, human resources management, finance, administration and consular, protocol affairs and Malaysian missions abroad. Malaysia’s foreign policy during Tun Abdul Razak’s period showed a major shift in which Malaysia stood by the idea of non-alignment with other countries and their affairs. The policy adopted during his leadership was neutrality. This was implemented with various involvements of Malaysia in non-aligning organizations and also by forming bilateral relations with other countries. ASEAN
The start of the relationship between Malaysia and ASEAN (Association of Southern Asian Nations) already started since 1961. At first this association was called as Association of Southern Asian (ASA). At this time, only Malaya and Philippines participated in this group. But after The Bangkok Declaration, following a meeting of five foreign countries, which gave a birth to ASEAN, more countries started to join this group. In this declaration, 5 countries including Malaysia announced the establishment of an association for regional cooperation among the countries of Southeast Asia. They agreed to cooperate in economic, social, cultural, technical and educational interests as well as other fields. They also promote the region as a region of peace and stability through respect and justice, the rule of law and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter. Through ASEAN, Malaysia can pursue its regional foreign policy: ability to tilt regional policies toward neutrality and neutralization. ZOPFAN (The Zone of Peace, Freedom, and Neutrality) was proposed by Malaysia to reflect Malaysia’s desire for...