Financial Ratio Trend Analysis of 4 Software Companies

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Annexure A

Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning
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Financial Ratio Trend Analysis of 4 software companies

By

A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for PGDBA in Finance Management in Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning, INDIA

Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning
Symbiosis Bhavan
Pune - 411 016

Annexure-B

I here by declare that the project report entitled

Financial trend analysis of software companies. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Post Graduate Diploma in Business Administration To Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning, India, It is my project prepared and submitted as part of my learning.

Place: Chennai B. Venkata Subhan
Date: 25/03/2011 Reg. No: 200706178

Annexure C (Examiner's certification)

The project report of
B Venkata Subhan

Financial trend analysis of software companies.

Is approved and is acceptable in quality and form

Internal examiner External examiner
(Name, qualification and designation) (Name Qualification)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter -1

Introduction
Scope and objectives of study
Methodology
Ratio analysis

Chapter 2

Related studies
Existing studies
Proposed study
Advantages of study
Limitations of study

Chapter – 3

An overview of ratio analysis
Details of ratios
Companies’ profile
Factors to be compared
Method of study performance evaluation

Chapter – 4

Analysis and interpretation
Financial Sample details
Analysis of companies on ratios
Report
Pictorial representation

Chapter -5

Conclusion
Suggestions and Future studies

Chapter-1

Introduction:

Financial Statement Analysis of Software Industries:

Financial Statement is the mirror of performance of companies. It could be measured using various ratios and comparisons through different methods.

This project aims to analysis the financial performance of five major software industries in India. The Study has been taken for four years period. Major financial indicators are studied to arrive at the relative performance of the industries and findings are enumerated in this project work.

List of statements useful in analysis purposes:

Income statements:

Financial statement:

A report of basic accounting data that helps investors understand a firm’s financial history and activities. This is a statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the difference between revenues and expenses) of a corporation over some period of time.

Balance sheet:

Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of a company’s assets, liabilities, and owners’ equity. The document distributed at the annual meeting to shareholders of record who wish to vote their shares in person.

Cash flow statement:

This is a statement showing earnings before depreciation, amortization, and non-cash charges. This is also called cash earnings. Cash flow from operations indicates the ability to pay dividends.

Cash and equivalents about financial management

1. Accounts receivable

Money owed by customers (individuals or corporations) to another entity in exchange for goods or services that have been delivered or used, but not yet paid for. Receivables usually come in the form of operating lines of credit and are usually due within a relatively short time period, ranging from a few days to a year.

2. Inventories...
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