University of Phoenix Online
January 25, 2010
HIS/458 - History of Human Discovery
Since the time of Christopher Columbus’ voyages in 1492 through 1503, many explorers were looking for new routes to the Indies. Spain realized that the lands to the West of the Atlantic were not part of Asia, but a new continent. Because the Treaty of Tordesillas reserved the eastern routes to Asia around Africa for Portugal, Spain decided to explore westward to find a way to Asia (Briney, 2010). The year was 1519. Five ships left Seville, Spain on a mission to find a new commercial route to Asia. This fleet was under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese national, who had relocated to Spain three years prior. This paper will give a review of Magellan’s life and travels, including his routes and destinations. A summary of the various challenges faced in his explorations will also be provided.
In 1480, Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrosa, Portugal. His parents passed away when he was young and Magellan became a page to the queen of Portugal. Magellan first took to sea in 1505, at the age of 25 when “Portugal sent him to India” (Briney, 2010). By 1514 he fell out of grace with Portugal after taking an unapproved leave of absence and turned his attention to Spain. When Magellan arrived at the Court of Spain, he presented King Charles with a plan that would give the ships of the Crown of Castile full access to the lands of the Spice Islands. “On March 22, 1518, Charles I was persuaded by Magellan and granted him a large sum of money to find a route to the Spice Islands by sailing west” (Briney, 2010, para. 6). In September of 1519,...