Types of Hindu marriages are described in Hindu mythology as eight types. Some of the marriages from among the eight types were practiced in ancient culture according to the sayings of Hinduism. Among the eight different types of marriages, all are not religiously sanctioned but it has been said that the people belonging to the ancient India were followers of these Hindu marriages. Marriage is commonly regarded as a process which helps to unite two individual souls and at the same time bring the two families close to each other. As per the Hindu philosophy, marriage is not just a process of coming together of the individuals but it is also a holy bond and a commitment which lasts a lifetime. Even the holy scriptures of the Vedas suggest that an individual should enter the phase of Grihasta after his or her student life. Thus, it can be said that marriage is almost a mandatory custom in the life of all the Hindus.
The Hindu religion is based on the eternal philosophy of the Vedas and this philosophy is well briefed in the six shastras and the Manu HYPERLINK "http://www.indianetzone.com/6/manu_smriti.htm"Smriti written by the rishis who were philosophers of the Vedas. They practiced Bahiranga Yoga, realised God and Veda mantras within their heart. Those ancient rishis were Atri, Manu, Kambadh, Patanjali, Vashishta, Matanga, Vyas Muni and divine beings like Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, Sita, Brahamcharini Gargi who was the guru of king HYPERLINK "http://www.indianetzone.com/13/janaka.htm"Janakaand various other rishis and maharishis of ancient times.
Among all the philosophies which are still followed in India mainly by the Hindus, the institution of marriage occupies a very vital position. However, as per the eternal philosophy of the Vedas, there is a restriction on child marriage. The age of marriage for a boy is 25 years or more and that of a girl is 18 years or more. In the middle and present period however the custom of child marriage against Vedas was initiated. The reason 999 marriages have been stated, but of eight the last two are prohibited.
Marriage is considered to be a religious ceremony by a Hindu. It is accompanied by the holy yajna and the Veda mantras. The Vedic mantras are chanted in order to wish a happy life to the couple. The mantras instill a pious feeling into the hearts of the couple. The ritual of marriage is generally performed by a priest or the Brahmin. The concept of caste plays an important role in a Hindu marriage. Almost always a prospective groom or a bride is advised to marry within his or her own caste.
In earlier times, child marriage was a very common institution and it was practiced most frequently. Parents decided on the marriages of their children at a very early age. The prime concern of negotiating the marriage was to find out the compatibility between the two families. It was believed during those times that if two persons know each other right from childhood it is easier on their part to understand each other in a better way. Hence children were married off at a very tender age but the daughter stayed with her parents until she attained the age of puberty. But today child marriages are completely prohibited and not only that, children are also given scope to choose their own grooms or brides. Thus, we can say that the Hindu outlook towards marriage has widened its spectrum and has become much tolerant in nature in the course of time. As per Manu Smriti there are mainly eight types of marriages that are prevalent in the Hindu philosophy.
Among all the eight types the Brahma form of marriage holds a supreme position and this system of marriage does not involve any system of dowry. Brahma Marriage takes place only after the completion of student hood of a boy and in this system the bride`s father ensures that the prospective groom has acquired the knowledge of the Vedas unfailingly.
Daiva Marriage, on...