a) Values, goals and dreams
The most consistent predictors of children’s academic achievement and social adjustment are parent expectations of the child’s academic attainment and satisfaction with their child’s education at school. Parents of high-achieving students set higher standards for their children’s educational activities than parents of low-achieving students. Children learn from what they are familiar and the most effective way to learn for children is through play. With the integrated program and the themes that they are familiar, maximize their learning progress. The learning environments that early childhood educator create are appropriately challenging. In other words, early childhood educator applies their knowledge of contemporary theory and research to construct learning environments that provide achievable and stretching experiences for all children. The goals that the teacher set must be reachable by the children in order to build up their confident. b) Cultural identity and traditions
Self awareness refers to the realization of knowledge about personal, cultural status which may differ from others (Rew et al., 2003) Furthermore, cultural awareness emphasizes on cultural knowledge, skills and personality of others which stimulates intercultural competency (Matveev& Milter, 2004). Malaysia is a multi cultural. Each child is unique. They all came from different background, different cultural and different religion. So, the teacher must be alert to the children’s needs and lead the children to respect and the others races cultural and religion. For example, for the Malay people they use hand to eat their food and they never use their left hand to receive something. So, we must tell the children what they should do and what they shouldn’t do. and we should learn respect the elderly with salam daily and on Hari Raya Puasa. Furthermore, we can learn to cherish and appreciations of food when fasting month. we also learn different costume from every races. c) Family strengths
Family strengths have been defined as the “set of relationships and processes that inherently satisfy, support and protect families and family members, especially during times of adversity and change.” These elements include emotional/subjective strengths (such as close and caring parents); behavioral/concrete strengths (for example, parental monitoring and involvement); and passive parenting strengths (for instance, positive parental role modeling). Family strengths help to maintain family cohesion while also supporting the development and well-being of individual family members. For example, a high degree of marital happiness, satisfying parent-child relationships, and interactions among family members who succeed in meeting each other’s needs, while another emphasizes warm and caring parents who discuss and reason with their children. The parents will respond to children with patience and respect their feelings and abilities. Family strengths encourage unity and family togetherness. Hold family meetings that give all family members an opportunity to talk openly. Children feel that he or she is a part of the family. They share common values, e.g. the children giving an opportunity to voice out his/her suggestion when they are discussing their family trip. Strong families base their life style on what they can afford and can reasonably enjoy - on a concept of stewardship that stresses gratitude for what they have, not whining after what they do not have. Contentment is the state of being happy enough with what one has or does, not desire something more or different. Contented families are steadfast and do not allow others to define for them what they have to be and have as a family.
(B) Parent Involvement
a) Father and male role models
Men should participate in the upbringing of their children. They should also contribute to the child's development and security. When fathers do their...