By Jim Peterson
1. The secret of successful public speaking and speech writing is using one central idea. You can talk about many speech topics, but always refer back to - reinforce - that theme or a thesis. It's the only way the audience will remember your message. 2. Capture the central idea of your extemporaneous in one full sentence. It should be a single, declarative sentence. Make sure that you make a specific statement. What do you want the audience to do, know or remember? 3. Develop your central speech idea in a clear speech outline that contains your supporting points. There are different kinds of public speaking outlines: Chronological - The main points are arranged in a process or a expository speech sequence. Topical - The speech is categorized in a pattern the audience will recognize. Spatial - You relate the main points in a logical way, helpful for developing extemporaneous speech topics. Cause and Effect - State the cause and effects of your speech topics. Problem Solution - State and prove there is a problem and offer a solution. 4. In the introduction you:
• Grab the attention with a smashing one liner
• State the theme
• Preview your perspectives - the main points of your extemporaneous speech topic 5. Now check out your main points. I recommend you to develop at least three main points while speech writing, but not more than five. • Does each point has one single and clear speech idea? • Does each point reiterate the extemporaneous speech topics statement? • Does each point remind the audience of the central idea of the speech? • Does each point forecast the next main point?
6. The sub points have to contain details or new information to prove, describe or explain your main points that support the extemporaneous speech theme. For instance think about: • Examples, testimonies, statistics or cases
• New information or views
• Practical and...