Explain the effects of terrorism on society. Refer to one or more countries as examples.
Terrorism is a major issue in contemporary society. Since the September 11 attacks upon the United States in 2001, terrorism has gradually becomes an international problem, particularly in the western world and the Muslim world. According to the United Nations General Assembly, terrorism can be defined as “Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them.” (United Nations General Assembly, 1994, Internet). Terrorist attacks are sudden attacks involving the deliberate use of violence against random civilians at random places and at random times in the hope of attaining political or religious aims. Thus, this essay takes the United States of America, Afghanistan, Iraq, China and Kenya as objects of observation to consider the effects of terrorism on casualties in terrorist attacks and the war on terrorism, deteriorating human rights situations, the violation of privacy and the freedom of speech, economic impact, the food crisis in 2007 and racial discrimination.
The effects of terrorism appear in a large numbers of casualties generated by terrorist attacks and war on terrorism. Sudden terrorist attacks killed many innocent civilians who had no any connection with political or religious problems. In the modern international society, all terrorist attacks are unacceptable because it generated unnecessary casualties. Therefore, terrorist attack can even be defined as crimes against Humanity (Fry, 2003, 169). The most famous attack is the September 11 attacks which killed 2,749 people in the United States (Hirschkorn, 2005, Internet). Only in 2006, 58,000 people were killed in...
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