" I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character I have a dream that one day little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers."
Malcolm X, on the other hand, was fighting in favour for a black power,' instead of integration. He ridiculed civil rights campaigners such as Martin Luther King who were fighting for integration:
"No sane black man really wants integration! No sane white man really wants integration "
Malcolm X was so deeply opposed to the non-violent protest that King advocated that in November 1963, during a speech Malcolm X mocked the concept that Afro-American people could achieve civil rights through non-violent protest. He stated that: "The only revolution in which the goal loves your enemy is the Negro revolution. Revolution is bloody, revolution is hostile, revolution is no compromise, and revolution overturns and destroys everything that gets in the way."
King believed the only way to achieve integration was using the idea of non-violent protest. This stemmed from his childhood; King's father had been a pastor at a Baptist church and believed that his children needed to be prepared for the problems they would face in life and believed that they had to learn to suffer. He was heard to say to Martin Luther King Jr:
"I'm going to beat your butt, until I make something out of you."
This caused King to believe non-violence was the way to go as he rebelled against his father at fifteen , when he started to attend Morehouse College where learnt of a world beyond his father and the church. The idea of non-violence also originated from King's religion as a Black American. King believed in the teachings of the New Testament and of Jesus. He paid careful attention to Jesus' words in the Gospel of Matthew:
"If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also."
King was also inspired by the teachings and protests of Mohandas Gandhi, who through non-violence and the teachings of many different religions, had set India free from British rule. King realised this idea of civil disobedience wasn't just a theory but could work in practise if the people were willing to fight', like in India during the Salt March where many were injured and even killed fighting for independence during a campaign of civil disobedience. Gandhi said: