Evolution of the Philippine Flag

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 362
  • Published: February 25, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview
EVOLUTION OF THE PHILIPPINE FLAG

The Katipunan (1892 - 1897)

| The First KKK (Kataastaasan at Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng Mga Anak ng Bayan--The Highest and Most Honorable Society of the Sons of the Nation) Flag (1892) With the establishment of the Katipunan, Andres Bonifacio requested his wife, Gregoria de Jesus, and with the help of Benita Rodriguez to create a flag for the society. De Jesus created a simple red flag bearing the society's acronym, KKK, in white and arranged horizontally at the center of a rectangular piece of red cloth (locally called "kundiman"). The color red represents the blood and courage of the Katipuneros who stood ready to fight for freedom and shed their blood if need be. This was the flag which was developed during the "First Cry of Nationhood" at the district of North Manila in August 1896. This was the first official flag of the society.|

Early Katipunan One-K flag. In some areas, only one while letter K was positioned on a rectangular piece of red cloth.

|
|

| The Second Katipunan Flag (1892). Some members of the Katipunan used other variations. A red flag with the three white letter Ks arranged in an equilateral triangle, a shape prominent in Philippine revolutionary imagery, at the center of the rectangular field.|

| Andres Bonifacio's Flag (1892). Andres Bonifacio “the father of katipunan”, had a personal flag which represents a white sun with an indefinite number of rays on a field of red. Below the sun are three white Ks arranged horizontally. This flag was first shown on August 23, 1896 during the Cry of Pugadlawin where the Katipuneros gather tore their cedulas (poll tax certificates) in rebelliousness of Spanish authority. The flag was used later during the Battle of San Juan del Monte on August 30, 1896, the first major battle of the Philippine Revolution. This was also used by the war camp of Bonifacio, the "Great Plebeian" ("Dakilang Anak Pawis").|

| Katipunan 1st Degree Flag (1892). A red flag with one white letter K at the center of the field, crossed by a native sword ("tabak") pointing downwards and a small skull above the letter K. This was accepted to rally the Katipuneros belonging to the lowest rank or grade.  Katipunan 2nd Degree Flag(1892). A red flag similar to the 1st degree design, but with two K's and no skull symbol. This was supposed to rally the middle ranks of the Katipuneros.  Katipunan 3rd Degree Flag(1892). A red flag, again, with three K's and sword sign, for the highest ranks of the society.   War Camp of Katipuneros of Malibay, Pasay(1896). This battle flag had the Masonic triangle on the left, with the Malibay Katipunero description over a red field.|

The Revolutionary Government (1897 - 1899)

| Pio del Pilar's Rising Sun Flag(1896). A red flag with a white triangle on the left side, became famous through General Pio del Pilar of San Pedro de Makati (the hero of Makati and one of the most trusted generals of Emilio Aguinaldo), who used it up to the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. The triangular strip at the left side led the national flag design. At each of the angles of the triangle was a letter K. The rising sun in the middle had eight rays representing the first eight united provinces that were placed under martial law by the Spanish colonial government for rising up in rebellion namely, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Manila, Cavite, Laguna and Batangas. The flag was called Bandila ng Matagumpay (The Flag of the Victorious) and was first used on July 11, 1895. The flag was also one of the first to illustrate an eight-rayed sun.|

| General Mariano Llanera's battle Skull Flag(1896). General Mariano Llanera who fought in the provinces of Bulacan, Tarlac, Pampanga, and Nueva Ecija used a dull-looking black flag, with the single white letter K and the skull and crossbones symbol. The black color of the flag was inspired by the hood worn during the secret initiation rites of the first degree...
tracking img