EVENTS LEADING TO QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT
1. Government of India act of 1935 was passed by the British Government.
2. Elections of 1937
3. Resignation of the congress ministries- which led to Deliverance Day-Dec 22 1939
4. Jinnah’s Two Nation Theory- January 1940
5. August offer – Lord Linglithgow- August 1940.
6. Failure of Cripps Mission- 1942
7. Japans threat of attacking India.
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT.
This movement was organized under the leadership of Gandhiji. Before they started the movement the government arrested the leaders. The people attacked the symbols of British authority – the police stations, post offices railway stations etc.
IMPACT OF THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT
1. It demonstrated the depth of the national feelings.
2. People acquired great capacity for struggle and sacrifice.
3. It made the British realize that their days were numbered.
SUBASH CHANDRA BOSE AND HIS CONTRIBUTIONS
Bose entered active politics at the age of twenty four. He was a man of action. He believed in agitation and resorted to revolutionary methods for the attainment of Swaraj. Bose was attracted by the
Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Gandhiji and became an active worker of the freedom movement. He criticized Gandhiji when he withdrew the non-cooperation movement. Bose also participated in the civil disobedience movement.
DIFFERENCES WITH GANDHIJI.
1. S.C.Bose favoured the policy of large scale industrialization. But Gandhiji favoured the idea of small scale industries.
2. Bose favoured using tact and diplomacy while dealing with the British. Gandhiji favoured openness with the British.
3. Gandhiji wanted to adopt a comprising attitude towards the British. But Bose wanted to take advantage of the difficulties faced by the British.
4. Gandhiji stood for non-violence but Bose stood for attack on the British.
RIFT IN THE COONGRESS
Bose stood for the elections in 1939 against Gandhiji’s candidate Pattabhi S itaramiah.S.C.Bose won the elections. This created a deadlock between Bose and Gandhiji. Bose resigned from the president ship of the congress.
FORMATION OF THE FORWARD BLOC
S.C.Bose laid the foundation of a radical party within the congress called The Forward Bloc.
OBJECTIVES OF THE FORWARD BLOC
1. Liberation of India.
2. Reorganization of agriculture and industry on socialist lines
3. Abolition of zamindari system.
4. Introduction of a new monetary system.
FORMATION OF INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY
The idea of Indian National Army was conceived by Mohan Singh. He went to the Japanese for help. Indian prisoners of war were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who inducted them in INA.
THE TOKYO CONFERENCE
A conference was held at Tokyo in 1942. At the conference the following decisions were taken:
1. To expand and strengthen the Indian Independence league
2. To form under overall command of the league an Indian National Army.
3. To hold a conference at Bangkok to consolidate these decisions.
The Bangkok conference was held from June 15 to June 23.It passed many resolutions such as:
1. Invitation to Subhas Chandra Bose to come from Europe to the lead movement.
2. Formation of a council to guide the whole movement.
3. Election of Rash Bihare Bose as the president of the council.
4. Appointment of Mohan Singh as the Commander-in-chief of the INA.
On August 1943 S.C.Bose took the charge of the army and became the supreme commander. He set up a provisional government of Free India at Singapore. His government was recognized by the Axis powers like Germany, Italy, Japan etc. He gave the call to his soldiers, ‘Give me blood and I shall give you freedom. His battle cries were “Delhi Chalo and “Jai Hind.”.
IMPACT OF THE INA.
1. The INA failed in its mission but it set an example of patriotism before the Indian...