1. Identify the problem/Discuss main ethical issues
Euthanasia is the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. It can be separated into two distinct categories, voluntary and non-voluntary (voluntary being when the person has asked for their life to be ended and involuntary when the person has given no consent). Euthanasia has been subject to much moral, religious, philosophical, legal and human rights debate across the world. There are multiple viewpoints in regard to the legality and morality of this practice therefore defining it as an ethical issue, however most of the world have rendered it illegal in their respective countries, with the exception of the Benelux Nations (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). “Overall, most humans look for a dignified, peaceful death for themselves and their families/loved ones, whatever their stance is regarding Euthanasia”. However, the ethical issue arises when artificial termination of life if considered. Euthanasia advocates argue that being disallowed this practice is a breach of human rights, stating that all people should have a right to decide when and how their death should take place. Another pro-Euthanasia argument is to do with mercy, that if a person suffering intolerable pain which cannot be numbed by medication asks to end their life, that they should be given that right. People also believe that Euthanasia is inevitable anyway, and so it would be better for it to be carried out safely in order to prevent accidents. In contrast, the opposing view on Euthanasia (and when taking into consideration the amount of countries that have banned the process, possibly the stronger one) is based on a wide range of valid arguments, ranging from morality to potential short and long-term outcomes. The fact that Euthanasia is basically the ending of one’s life through another’s hands heavily conflicts with most religions and the beliefs and...
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