European History 17th Century

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John Hopkins
AP Euro History Project

Science
Science in this century completely changed scientist’s opinions on laws ruling the universe and also on microstructure of matter. It was a time of many astronomical disasters in astronomy and also a time of great mathematical achievements. Newton’s discoveries created new ideas which remained until the 20th century. These new types of ideas were mostly based on logic. Some of these ideas include the new study of the atom by Boyle. Another revolutionary discovery includes the construction of the first microscope by Leeuwenhoek. Philosophy

Seventeenth century philosophy began with the work of Rene Descartes. This century was known as the age of reason. Immanuel Kant classified predecessors into two schools, one being the rationalists and the other being the empiricists. The three main rationalists were Rene Descartes, Baruch Spinoza, and Gottfried Leibnes as they focused primarily on mathematics. The two main empiricists were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke as they primarily focused on the physical sciences rather than math. Literature

The theme for literature in this century is anxiety. It was also a time where great literature was published. Miguel Cervantes published Don Quixote in two parts. Shakespeare was also creating his plays during this time period. John Donne actually contributed to the theme of anxiety in relation to literature during this time period. Ben Johnson and Robert Herrick were both cavalier poets. Cavalier poets tried to compress and limit poems creating a sense of domination over intellectual content. In this century, there was also a sense of deep disquiet as traditions everywhere were under challenge in literary culture. Arts and Music

Art and Music in this century came through many different mediums and also in many different aspects. Many different composers became prominent in this allotted time period. Some of which include Seth Calvisius, Gallus Dressler, Johannes Eccard, and...
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